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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
______________________________________________________ 
FORM 10-K
______________________________________________________ 
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 [NO FEE REQUIRED]
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission file number 1-8344
______________________________________________________ 
BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________
Delaware31-1029810
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
Three Limited Parkway,
Columbus,Ohio43230
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (614415-7000
______________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.50 Par ValueBBWIThe New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer     Accelerated filer     Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b). ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
The aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter was approximately $8.3 billion.
Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock as of March 15, 2024: 224,896,515.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the Registrant’s 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.


Table of Contents
 
  Page No.
Part I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
Part III
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
Part IV
Item 15.
Item 16.



PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS.
General
The company, which was founded in 1963 in Columbus, Ohio, has evolved over time from an apparel-based specialty retailer to a segment leader focused on home fragrance, body care and soap and sanitizer products operating under the Bath & Body Works, White Barn and other brand names. We care about our customers and believe in giving them a reason to celebrate with fragrance every day. We remain committed to improving our communities and fostering a diverse, equitable and inclusive culture that is focused on delivering exceptional fragrances and experiences. We offer a breadth of exclusive fragrances for the body and home, including top-selling collections for fine fragrance mist, body lotion and body cream, 3-wick candles, home fragrance diffusers and liquid hand soap. For more than 30 years, customers have looked to Bath & Body Works for quality, on-trend products and the newest, freshest fragrances. We intend to transform an already strong foundation into a leading global omnichannel personal care and home fragrance brand.
Throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K, we refer to Bath & Body Works, Inc. as “we” and the “Company.”
As of February 3, 2024, our merchandise was sold through 1,850 Company-operated stores and e-commerce sites in the United States of America (“U.S.”) and Canada, and in 485 stores and 28 e-commerce sites in more than 40 other countries operating under franchise, license and wholesale arrangements.
All discussion within this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including amounts, percentages and disclosures for all periods presented, reflect only the continuing operations of the Company unless otherwise noted. As such, the Victoria’s Secret business subject to the spin-off completed on August 2, 2021 has been excluded. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data for additional information regarding the spin-off.
Fiscal Year
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. We utilize the retail calendar for reporting. As a result, “2023” refers to the 53-week period ended February 3, 2024, and “2022” and “2021” refer to the 52-week periods ended January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022, respectively.
Growth Strategies
Our management team is focused on executing our strategy to deliver top- and bottom-line growth and long-term shareholder value. The major elements of our strategy include:
Elevating the brand through innovation and upgrades to our forms, packaging and merchandising;
Extending our reach through new category adjacencies and international growth;
Engaging with our customers through our loyalty program, enhanced technology and greater personalization;
Enabling a seamless omnichannel experience by advancing our digital platforms and integrating them with our stores; and
Enhancing operational excellence to drive efficiency.
Foundational to these growth drivers is the creation of great products and continuing to deliver innovation and newness for our customers. A critical element to support our strategy is our focus on technology and marketing initiatives.
Our Competitive Strengths
We believe the following competitive strengths contribute to our leading market position, differentiate us from our competitors and will drive future long-term sustainable growth:
Industry Leading Brand and Products
We have developed and operate a well-known, beloved and broadly appealing brand, which allows us to target markets across the economic spectrum, across demographics and across the world. As one of the premier fragrance companies in the world, we deliver customers their favorite fragrances in multiple forms and categories with industry-leading speed and innovation that power our deep customer connections. We are an affordable luxury brand with covetable offerings, and a key tenet of our strategy is offering products at multiple price points. Customers look to us to celebrate the season, transport them to another time and place, decorate their home and find the perfect gift.
We have also developed trusted and market-leading products in the home fragrance, body care, and soap and sanitizer categories. Our products are differentiated through a combination of fragrance, packaging and quality at accessible prices. We also sell products under our trusted sub brands, including White Barn.
1

In-Store Experience and Store Operations
We view our customers’ in-store experience as an important vehicle for communicating the image of our brand and engaging with our customers. We utilize visual presentation of merchandise, fragrance, in-store marketing, music and our sales associates to reinforce the image represented by our brand. Our in-store marketing is designed to convey the principal elements and personality of our brand. The store design, visual marketing and storytelling, fixtures, fragrances and music are all carefully planned and coordinated to create a unique shopping experience. We display merchandise uniformly to ensure a consistent store experience, regardless of location. Store managers receive detailed plans designating fixture and merchandise placement to ensure coordinated execution of the Company-wide merchandising strategy. Our sales associates and store managers are a central element in bringing our seasonal storytelling to life by providing a high level of customer service.
Digital Experience
In addition to our in-store experience, we strive to create a customer-centric digital platform that integrates the digital and physical brand experience and enables convenience for the customer when desired. Our digital presence, including social media, our websites and our loyalty application, allows us to get to know our customers better and communicate with them anytime and anywhere.
We are prioritizing enhancements to our digital personalization capabilities to build and implement a more tailored and targeted approach to marketing and promotions, one that is rooted in data, analytics and customer segmentation. In 2023, we added social proofing badges on our website, highlighting trending and best-selling products, as well as those products with limited supply. During 2023, we also added personalized product recommendations based on shopping behavior and customized headers to welcome recognized users by name and highlight their loyalty account balance. By adding personalized landing pages, immersive content, and product recommendations, we plan to acquire more customers, increase retention of existing customers and drive more discovery and larger basket sizes.
Loyalty Program
Our loyalty program is a critical tool for engaging with our customers and meeting them where they are. As of February 3, 2024, we had approximately 37 million active members of our loyalty program. Active members of our loyalty program represent loyalty program members who have purchased at least once directly from the Company during the preceding twelve-month period. In 2023, nearly 80% of our U.S. sales came from our loyalty members, and our loyalty customers have, on average, higher spend, have greater retention rates, and make more trips. The pace of enrollment in the program since the August 2022 U.S. launch has been strong, and we believe there is opportunity to drive more engagement from our customers. During 2023, we offered special loyalty-member only events and, in the fourth quarter, introduced loyalty point accelerators, with the goal of helping customers redeem rewards more frequently. We are focused on fully integrating our loyalty experience throughout our channels and plan to test and bring additional enhancements to the loyalty program throughout 2024, including additional early access and member only events.
Product Development
Quality and innovation are at the core of our sourcing strategy. We seek to drive efficiencies and mitigate risk through our strong technical research and prolific product development. Our merchant, design and sourcing teams have a long history of bringing innovative and covetable products to our customers. Our product offering and assortment strategy is key to elevating our brand, increasing our long-term pricing power and expanding our business both into adjacent product categories and internationally.
We believe a large part of our success comes from our ability to quickly assess and effectively adjust to changing customer preferences. We leverage our differentiated product development capabilities and our strong partnerships with fragrance houses to frequently deliver compelling new fragrances, packaging and other product launches. We are dedicated to delivering a full product pipeline by launching new fragrances and products every four to six weeks, with new products launching nearly every week.
Sourcing and Logistics
Our predominantly domestic, vertically integrated supply chain enables us to continually deliver newness and meet the demands of our omnichannel customers and changing macro trends with speed and agility. Our supplier base includes long-standing vendor relationships, and the majority of our products are produced at Beauty Park, a business park that includes several key vendors within close proximity to our Columbus, Ohio distribution and fulfillment centers. These strategic vendor relationships provide deep capabilities across our product categories.
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While our Company-owned distribution centers located in central Ohio are core to our operations, we also utilize third-party distribution centers located throughout North America to position inventory geographically closer to our customers. Third party-operated direct channel fulfillment centers throughout North America are used to support our needs. In addition, in the fall of 2022, we completed construction of our first Company-operated direct channel fulfillment center. Located near Columbus, Ohio, this facility has 1.1 million square feet of space and state-of-the-art fulfillment capabilities to support the future growth in our direct business (also referred to as digital or e-commerce) and enhanced fulfillment capabilities for our business.
Experienced and Committed Management Team
Our senior management team has significant retail and business experience at Bath & Body Works, Inc. and other companies such as Unilever, Avon Products, The Estée Lauder Companies, Ann Taylor and Loft, Banana Republic, CVS Health, Merck, Target, McDonald’s, Ross Stores, Abercrombie & Fitch, Madewell, Carter’s, Rosetta Stone, Hasbro and Mattel.
Real Estate
Company-Operated Stores
We have a diversified store portfolio in the U.S. and Canada across venue tiers and types, with more than half of our stores located off-mall as of February 3, 2024. We are continuing our off-mall expansion to limit our exposure to vulnerable mall locations. As a result of our strong brand and established retail presence, we have been able to lease high-traffic locations in most retail centers in which we operate. We proactively manage our stores and adjust our investment levels based on individual store and fleet performance. Our Company-operated stores continue to outperform pre-pandemic levels and substantially all of our store fleet is profitable.
The following table provides the number of our Company-operated retail stores as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023:
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023
United States1,7391,693 
Canada111109 
Total1,850 1,802 
The following table provides the changes in the number of our Company-operated retail stores for the past three fiscal years:
Beginning
of Year
OpenedClosedEnd of Year
20231,802 95 (47)1,850 
20221,755 95 (48)1,802 
20211,736 54 (35)1,755 
Over time, we expect low-single digit annual increases in North American square footage, with off-mall penetration steadily increasing. We plan to open new stores in emerging non-mall venues or as replacement stores for non-viable malls, while closing stores in non-viable or declining malls. During 2023, we opened 94 new off-mall stores and one mall store, while permanently closing 39 mall and eight off-mall stores, which, when combined with store remodel activity, resulted in net square footage growth of 4% for 2023.
Our White Barn store design has demonstrated potential to increase sales and profitability, as White Barn locations typically experience increased sales and traffic following completion of the remodel. More than two-thirds of our stores were in the White Barn store design as of February 3, 2024, and we expect to prioritize the remaining higher performing core stores for conversion to the White Barn store design in viable locations over the next five years.
Franchise, License and Wholesale Arrangements
In addition to our Company-operated stores, our products are sold at partner-operated locations and websites in more than 40 countries through franchise, license and wholesale arrangements. Our international partner-based, asset-light business model allows us to establish operating standards by owning assortment, pricing architecture, promotions, store designs and real estate approval while our partners make investments and contribute as experts in local real estate, people and practices.
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The following table provides the number of international stores operated by our partners as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023:
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023
International454 401 
International - Travel Retail31 26 
Total485 427 
Additionally, our partners operated 28 international e-commerce sites as of February 3, 2024, compared to 31 as of January 28, 2023.
Additional Information
Merchandise Vendors
During 2023, we purchased merchandise from approximately 120 vendors, primarily located in the U.S. Our largest vendor supplied approximately 15% of our total merchandise purchases (on a dollar basis) during 2023, while no other single vendor accounted for more than 10% of our merchandise purchases (on a dollar basis). Our five largest vendors supplied approximately 40% of our total merchandise purchases (on a dollar basis) on a combined basis during 2023.
Distribution and Merchandise Inventory
Most of our merchandise is produced in the U.S. and is shipped to our distribution centers in the Columbus, Ohio area. In addition to our Company-operated distribution centers, we also utilize third-party logistics providers to warehouse and distribute product throughout North America. We proactively evaluate our distribution channels to ensure we are able to provide the right product at the right place to meet or exceed our customers’ expectations. We strive to maintain sufficient quantities of inventories on hand in our retail stores, fulfillment centers and distribution centers to enable us to meet customer demand.
We continue to actively manage our inventory to adjust for anticipated channel shifts and product category shifts. The current macroeconomic environment requires agility, and we believe we are leveraging the speed that we have in our supply chain, our close partnerships with our suppliers and the capabilities of our sourcing, production and logistics teams to respond quickly. We believe that our predominantly domestic, vertically integrated supply chain enables us to successfully navigate a dynamic environment and present full and abundant product assortments on time to our customers with speed and agility.
Information Systems
Our information systems consist of a full range of retail, financial and merchandising applications. These applications are related to point-of-sale, e-commerce, merchandising, marketing, planning, sourcing, logistics, inventory management, data security and support systems, including human resources and finance applications. We substantially completed our information technology (“IT”) separation from Victoria’s Secret & Co. (“Victoria’s Secret”) during the second quarter of 2023, and we expect to complete the remaining separation activities in 2024.
Upon obtaining control over significant information technology systems during 2023, we have undertaken a multi-year project to significantly upgrade our digital and information technology systems, capabilities and organization to, among other things, advance our data analytics capabilities, enhance our in-store and online customer experience, enable us to more effectively personalize our marketing, shopping, and promotional experiences, streamline our IT and digital operations and enable us to work more efficiently (the “IT Transformation Project”). We believe successful execution of the IT Transformation Project will enhance our omnichannel capabilities and support the growth and profitability of our business while also enhancing the security of and otherwise reducing risks associated with our IT systems.
Seasonal Business
Our operations are seasonal in nature and consist of two principal selling seasons: Spring (the first and second quarters) and Fall (the third and fourth quarters). The fourth quarter, including the holiday season, typically accounts for approximately 40% of our Net Sales and is our most profitable quarter. Accordingly, cash requirements are highest in the third quarter as our inventories build in advance of the holiday season.
Working Capital
We fund our business operations through a combination of available cash and cash equivalents and cash flows generated from operations. In addition, our credit facility is available for additional working capital needs and investment opportunities.
Regulation
We and our products are subject to regulation by various federal, state, local and foreign regulatory authorities. We are subject to a variety of tax and customs regulations and international trade arrangements.
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Intellectual Property
Our trademarks, copyrights and patents, which constitute our primary intellectual property, have been registered or are the subject of pending applications in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and with the registries of many foreign countries and/or are protected by common law. We believe our products are identified by our intellectual property and our intellectual property is an integral tool in protecting innovation. Thus, we believe our intellectual property is of significant value. Accordingly, we intend to maintain our intellectual property and related registrations and vigorously protect our intellectual property assets against infringement.
Competition
The sale of home fragrance, body care and soap and sanitizer products is a highly competitive business with numerous competitors, including individual and chain specialty stores, department stores, online retailers and discount retailers. Brand image, presentation, marketing, design, price, service, fulfillment, assortment and quality are the principal competitive factors.
Other Information
For additional information about our business, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” included under Item 7. of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Human Capital Management
Human Capital
At Bath & Body Works, our purpose goes beyond selling product. We strive to be an employer of choice, make a difference in our communities and foster a safe, inclusive and empowering environment for our thousands of associates as well as our customers and suppliers. We believe everyone belongs at Bath & Body Works.
We work to create a culture of inclusion where all associates can contribute their unique skills and abilities and where differences are embraced and celebrated. The Human Capital & Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors (the “Board”) oversees, among other things, the Company’s programs, policies, practices and strategies relating to culture, talent, diversity, equity and inclusion, equal employment opportunities and the Company’s executive compensation programs. In addition, our Board oversees the talent review and succession planning process for our Chief Executive Officer and other senior level critical roles, which takes into account our progress on our diversity, equity and inclusion (“DEI”) initiatives.
Workforce Demographics
As of February 3, 2024, we employed approximately 57,200 associates, none of whom are covered by a collective bargaining agreement. Approximately 95% of our associates work in our stores, with the remainder working in our home office or distribution and fulfillment centers. The following table includes demographic information related to the full-time status or part-time status (which are associates who work less than 40 hours a week) of our associates as of February 3, 2024:
Work StatusNumber of Associates
Full-time8,981 
Part-time48,176 
Total57,157 
Focus on Inclusion
We champion workplace diversity and an inclusive work environment with a focus on attracting, engaging, developing and advancing talent equitably in order to reflect the customers we serve and the communities where we live and work. In our efforts to foster an inclusive culture, we have eight associate inclusion resource groups that are sponsored by senior leaders at the Company. These groups provide our associates with opportunities for professional development, engagement, networking and volunteerism in the community. By continuing to encourage and support a workplace environment where DEI is valued, we believe we can serve our customers better, as well as attract and retain highly talented associates, suppliers and vendors of different backgrounds, abilities and experiences.
We embrace diversity and strive to give our team members equitable access to opportunities and treatment for all associates, which includes career advancement opportunities and competitive wages. We demonstrate our commitment to pay equity by conducting periodic assessments based on gender, race and ethnicity. In 2023, we achieved associate pay equity for women at $1.00 and people of color at $0.99 (amounts are relative to $1.00 in pay of what men were paid for similar work) as we strive to pay for performance without bias on gender, race and ethnicity. In addition, we evaluate fairness of total compensation with reference to both internal and external comparisons.
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Commitment to Competitive Wages
Our compensation programs are designed to link annual changes in compensation to overall Company performance, as well as each individual’s contribution to the results achieved. Our pay for performance philosophy includes participation of our store leaders and all salaried associates in home office and distribution and fulfillment centers in our short-term cash incentive compensation program. In addition, our store leaders earn monthly bonuses based on performance. The emphasis on overall Company performance is intended to align the associates’ financial interests with the interests of our stockholders.
Commitment to Providing Quality Benefits
We offer competitive, performance-based compensation; a company-matched 401(k) retirement plan; and flexible and affordable health, wellness and lifestyle benefits. Subject to certain eligibility requirements, associates can choose benefits and resources that fit their lifestyle, including, but not limited to, 14 weeks paid maternity leave, six weeks paid parental leave, mental health benefits, family planning benefits including fertility, adoption and surrogacy, expanded bereavement leave time, military leave, tuition-free access to education, tuition assistance, free access to life planning services, removal of co-pays for insulin and other critical prescriptions, commuter benefits, a tobacco cessation program, an associate stock purchase plan that allows associates to purchase Company stock at a discount and a generous merchandise discount.
In 2023, we continued our focus on ensuring associate well-being by opening a wellness center in our Columbus, Ohio headquarters, which provides accessible, low-cost medical care, physical therapy and an on-site pharmacy to our associates, and by expanding our employee assistance program to all seasonal associates. In addition, we introduced DailyPay for our associates in distribution and fulfillment centers that provides earlier access to their earned wages as needed. The Company plans to introduce DailyPay for its store associates during fiscal 2024.
Bath & Body Works Associates for Associates (“A4A”) allows associates to contribute funds that are matched by the Bath & Body Works Foundation. A4A supports fellow associates who experience a financial hardship resulting from an unexpected emergency, such as a large-scale natural disaster, house fire, injury or death of an immediate family member. During 2023, the A4A fund awarded over $400,000 in grants to over 250 associates.
Safety Is Our Priority
We are committed to providing all of our associates a healthy and safe working environment and for protecting the safety of our customers. Our health and safety programs (including safety training for associate onboarding, developmental e-learning and on-the-job training) are designed to meet or exceed regulatory requirements for the various industry sectors of our business and in the jurisdictions in which we operate.
Code of Conduct
We have a written Code of Conduct that is based on our values and is a resource which establishes standards for associate conduct that reinforce the Company's commitment to integrity and ethical conduct. All associates are required to complete a Code of Conduct training course and certify their compliance annually.
We maintain an Ethics Hotline, operated by a third-party, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, where associates may anonymously report potential instances of unethical conduct and potential violations of law or Company policies.
Available Information
We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and its rules and regulations. The Exchange Act requires us to file reports, proxy statements and other information with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The SEC maintains a website that contains reports, proxy statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC. These materials may be obtained electronically by accessing the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
Our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available, free of charge, on our website at www.bbwinc.com. Our website and information included in or linked to our website are not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Copies of any of the above-referenced documents will also be made available, free of charge, upon written request to:
Bath & Body Works, Inc.
Investor Relations Department
Three Limited Parkway
Columbus, Ohio 43230
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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.
We caution that any forward-looking statements (as such term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) contained in this report or made by our Company or our management involve risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, many of which are beyond our control. Accordingly, our future performance and financial results may differ materially from those expressed or implied in any such forward-looking statements. Words such as “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “planned,” “potential,” “target,” “goal” and any similar expressions may identify forward-looking statements. Risks associated with the following factors, among others, in some cases have affected and in the future could affect our financial performance and actual results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements included in this report or otherwise made by the Company or our management:
general economic conditions, inflation, consumer confidence, consumer spending patterns and market disruptions including pandemics or significant health hazards, severe weather conditions, natural disasters, terrorist activities, financial crises, political crises or other major events, or the prospect of these events;
the seasonality of our business;
our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified associates and manage labor-related costs;
difficulties arising from turnover in Company leadership or other key positions;
the dependence on store traffic and the availability of suitable store locations on appropriate terms;
our continued growth in part through new store openings and existing store remodels and expansions;
our ability to successfully operate and expand internationally and related risks;
our independent franchise, license, wholesale and other distribution-related partners;
our direct channel business;
our ability to protect our reputation and our brand image;
our ability to attract customers with marketing, advertising, promotional programs and our loyalty program;
our ability to maintain, enforce and protect our trade names, trademarks and patents;
the highly competitive nature of the retail industry and the segments in which we operate;
consumer acceptance of our products and our ability to manage the life cycle of our brand, develop new merchandise and launch and expand new product lines successfully;
our ability to source, distribute and sell goods and materials on a global basis, including risks related to:
political instability, wars and other armed conflicts, environmental hazards or natural disasters;
significant health hazards or pandemics, which could result in closed factories and/or stores, reduced workforces, scarcity of raw materials, and scrutiny or embargoing of goods produced in impacted areas;
duties, taxes and other charges;
legal and regulatory matters;
volatility in currency exchange rates;
local business practices and political issues;
delays or disruptions in shipping and transportation and related pricing impacts;
disruption due to labor disputes; or
changing expectations regarding product safety due to new legislation;
our ability to successfully complete environmental, social and governance initiatives, and associated costs thereof;
the geographic concentration of third-party manufacturing facilities and our distribution facilities in central Ohio;
our reliance on a limited number of suppliers to support a substantial portion of our inventory purchasing needs;
the ability of our vendors to deliver products in a timely manner, meet quality standards and comply with applicable laws and regulations;
the spin-off of Victoria’s Secret may not be tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes;
fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;
fluctuations in product input costs;
fluctuations in energy costs;
our ability to adequately protect our assets from loss and theft;
claims arising from our self-insurance;
our and our third-party service providers’ ability to implement and maintain information technology systems and to protect associated data;
our ability to maintain the security of customer, associate, third-party and Company information;
stock price volatility;
our ability to pay dividends and make share repurchases under share repurchase authorizations;
shareholder activism matters;
our ability to maintain our credit ratings;
our ability to service or refinance our debt and maintain compliance with our restrictive covenants;
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our ability to comply with laws, regulations and technology platform rules or other obligations related to data privacy and security;
our ability to comply with regulatory requirements;
legal and compliance matters; and
tax, trade and other regulatory matters.
We are not under any obligation and do not intend to make publicly available any update or other revisions to any of the forward-looking statements contained in this report to reflect circumstances existing after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of future events even if experience or future events make it clear that any expected results expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements will not be realized.
The following discussion of risk factors contains “forward-looking statements.” These risk factors may be important to understanding any statement in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, other filings or in any other discussions of our business. The following information should be read in conjunction with Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
In addition to the other information set forth in this report, the reader should carefully consider the following factors which could materially affect our business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. The risks described below are not our only risks. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that are currently deemed to be immaterial may also adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and/or cash flows in a material way.
Risks related to our business:
Our net sales, results of operations and cash flows are sensitive to, have been affected by and may in the future be further impacted by, general economic conditions, inflation, consumer confidence, consumer spending patterns, significant health hazards or pandemics, weather or other market disruptions.
Our net sales, results of operations, cash flows and future growth may be affected by local, regional, national or international political or economic trends or developments that can reduce consumers’ ability or willingness to spend or alter consumer behavior and spending patterns. These trends and developments, which can vary substantially by country, include political, financial or social instability or conditions, geopolitical events, corruption, anti-American sentiment, social and ethnic unrest, military conflicts and terrorism, as well as changes in general economic conditions (including unemployment levels, inflation and market volatility). For example, during 2022 and 2023, the global economy was negatively impacted by high inflation rates, which has resulted in higher prices that have negatively impacted and may continue to negatively impact consumer demand. In addition, market disruptions due to natural disasters, significant health hazards or pandemics or other major events or the prospect of these events could also impact or shift consumer spending and sentiment. Extreme weather conditions in the areas in which our stores are located, particularly in markets where we have multiple stores, or in the central Ohio region where most of our third-party manufacturers and our distribution centers are located, have adversely affected and could in the future adversely affect our business. During periods when economic or market conditions are unsettled or weak, including during fiscal 2023, purchases of our products have declined, and may in the future further decline. In such circumstances, we have increased, and may in the future continue to increase, the number of promotional sales which, when combined with inflationary cost pressures, have negatively affected our merchandise margin rates and, in the future, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our net sales, operating income, cash and inventory levels fluctuate on a seasonal basis.
We experience major seasonal fluctuations in our net sales and operating income, with a significant portion of our operating income and cash flows typically realized during the fourth quarter holiday season. Any decrease in sales or margins during this period could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Seasonal fluctuations also affect our cash and inventory levels, since we usually order merchandise in advance of peak selling periods and sometimes before new trends are confirmed by customer purchases. We must carry a significant amount of inventory, especially before the holiday season selling period. If we are not successful in selling inventory, we may have to sell the inventory at significantly reduced prices or may not be able to sell the inventory at all, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified associates and manage labor-related costs.
We believe one of our competitive advantages is providing positive, engaging and satisfying experiences for our customers, which requires us to have highly trained, engaged and diverse associates. Our success depends in part upon our ability to attract, develop and retain a sufficient number of qualified associates, including, but not limited to, store personnel, merchants, designers and associates in our distribution and fulfillment centers. The turnover rate in the retail industry is generally high, and qualified individuals of the requisite caliber and number needed to fill these positions have been in short supply in some areas. Competition for such qualified individuals and changes in labor and healthcare laws have caused us to incur higher labor
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costs, and such increases in labor costs could continue in the future. Our inability to recruit a sufficient number of qualified individuals in the future may, among other things, delay planned openings of new stores, affect the speed with which we expand, or negatively impact our ability to timely and efficiently fulfill orders, to develop new merchandise and to launch new product lines. Delayed store openings, significant increases in associate turnover rates or significant increases in labor-related costs could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
In recent years, multiple retailers have faced unionization campaigns from their workers. If we are subject to a unionization campaign from our associates, we would incur significant expenses in the form of legal and consulting fees and potentially be subject to negative publicity that could significantly disrupt our operations and have an adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
An increase in the costs of associate wages, benefits and insurance (including workers’ compensation, general liability, property and health) has adversely affected, and could continue to adversely affect, our operating results. In particular, labor shortages and the current competitive labor market have increased competition for qualified associates, which has compelled, and may continue to compel, us to pay higher wages to attract or retain qualified associates. Such increases in costs may result from general economic or competitive conditions or from government imposition of higher minimum wages at the federal, state or local level, including in connection with the increases in state minimum wages that have been enacted by various states. Moreover, there may be a long-term trend toward higher wages in developing markets. Any increase in such operating expenses could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Turnover in Company leadership or other key positions, and our ability to attract and retain new talent, may have an adverse impact on Company performance.
We may experience changes in key leadership or key positions in the future. The departure of key personnel can result in the loss of significant knowledge and experience. This loss of knowledge and experience can be mitigated through successful internal succession planning or external hiring and transition, but there can be no assurance that we will be successful in such efforts. Attracting and retaining qualified senior leadership may be more challenging under adverse business conditions. Failure to attract and retain the right talent or to smoothly manage the transition of responsibilities resulting from such turnover could affect our ability to meet our goals and may cause us to miss performance objectives or financial targets or disrupt our relationships with our customers, vendors or other third parties.
Our net sales depend on a volume of traffic to our stores and the availability of suitable lease space.
More than half of our stores are located in off-mall retail shopping areas with the remainder located in malls and other types of retail centers. Sales at these stores are derived, in part, from the volume of consumer traffic in those retail areas. Our stores benefit from the ability of the retail center and other attractions in an area, including “destination” retail stores, to generate consumer traffic in the vicinity of our stores. Sales volume and retail traffic may be adversely affected by factors that we cannot control, such as economic downturns, including due to inflationary pressures, or changes in consumer demographics in a particular area, consumer trends away from brick-and-mortar retail toward online shopping, competition from internet and other retailers and other retail areas where we do not have stores, significant health hazards or pandemics, the closing of other stores or the decline in popularity or safety in the shopping areas where our stores are located and the deterioration in the financial condition of the operators or developers of the shopping areas in which our stores are located.
Part of our future growth is significantly dependent on our ability to operate stores in desirable locations with capital investment and lease costs providing the opportunity to earn a reasonable return. We cannot be sure as to when or whether such desirable locations will become available at reasonable costs. Additionally, we are dependent upon the suitability of the lease spaces that we currently use. The leases that we enter into are generally noncancelable leases with initial terms of ten years. If we determine that it is no longer economical to operate a store and decide to close it, we may remain obligated under the applicable lease for, among other things, payment of the base rent for the balance of the lease term.
These risks could have a material adverse effect on our ability to grow and our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our continued growth and success depends in part on new store openings and existing store remodels and expansions.
Our continued growth and success depends in part on our ability to open and operate new, primarily off-mall stores and expand and remodel existing stores on a timely and profitable basis. Accomplishing our new and existing store expansion goals will depend upon a number of factors, including the ability to partner with developers and landlords to obtain suitable sites for new and expanded stores at acceptable costs and on acceptable timelines, the hiring and training of qualified personnel and the integration of new stores into existing operations. There can be no assurance we will be able to achieve our store expansion goals, manage our growth effectively, successfully integrate the planned new stores into our operations or operate our new, remodeled and expanded stores profitably. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our ability to grow and results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
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Our international operations and our plans for international expansion include risks that could impact our results and reputation.
We intend to continue to operate internationally and further expand in our existing markets and into new international markets, including through franchise and other distribution-related partner arrangements. The risks associated with international markets include, among others, difficulties in attracting customers due to a lack of customer familiarity with our brand, our ability to comply with international laws and regulations, our lack of familiarity with local customer preferences, cultures or religious norms and seasonal differences in the international markets. Any of these difficulties may lead to disruption in the overall timing of our international expansion efforts, lower sales than we anticipate and increased costs. Further, entry into other markets may bring us into competition with new competitors or with existing competitors with an established market presence in such markets. Other risks include general economic conditions in specific countries or markets, reliance on franchise partners, service providers and other distribution-related partners that we do not control, volatility in the geopolitical landscape (including social and ethnic unrest, military conflicts and terrorism), anti-American sentiment, foreign governmental regulation and enforcement (including the risks of operating in markets in which there are uncertainties regarding the interpretation and enforceability of legal requirements and the enforceability of contract rights and intellectual property rights), legal actions, disruptions or delays in shipments, restrictions on the repatriation of funds held internationally, occurrence of significant health hazards or pandemics, changes in diplomatic and trade relationships and political instability. For example, the conflict in the Middle East has resulted in unpredictable conditions in the region and around the world. The conflict has affected, and may continue to affect, our business and operations as a result of, among other things, the economic consequences and disruptions from such conflict, supply chain availability, consumer boycotts of Western brands, and consumer reaction to perceived acts or failures to act by us or our franchise partners including commencing and/or maintaining operations in countries or regions that are linked to such conflicts. Such expansions will also have upfront investment costs, some of which may be significant, that may not be accompanied by sufficient revenues to achieve expected operational and financial performance.
Further, our results of operations and financial condition may be adversely affected by fluctuations in currency exchange rates. See “Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could impact our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows” below.
All of the above risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our licensees, franchisees, wholesalers and other distribution-related partners could take actions that could harm our business or brand images.
We have global brand exposure through digital sites and stores independently owned and/or operated by our franchise partners and other distribution-related partners. Although we have criteria to evaluate and select prospective partners, the level of control we can exercise over our partners is limited, and the quality and success of their operations may be diminished by any number of factors beyond our control. For example, our partners may not have the business acumen or financial resources necessary to successfully operate stores in a manner consistent with our standards and may not hire and train qualified store managers and other personnel. Further, we primarily rely on our partners to comply with applicable laws and regulations in the international markets in which they operate. Our brand image and reputation may suffer materially, and our sales could decline, if our partners do not operate successfully, including operating in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. These risks could have an adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our direct channel business includes risks that could have a material adverse effect on our results.
Our direct channel (also referred to as digital or e-commerce) is subject to numerous risks that could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Such risks include, but are not limited to, the difficulty in recreating the in-store experience through our direct channels; domestic or international large scale buyers and resellers purchasing merchandise and reselling it outside our control; our ability to anticipate and implement innovations in technology and logistics in order to appeal to existing and potential customers who increasingly rely on multiple channels to meet their shopping needs; legal and regulatory developments associated with digital, data, analytics, communications and ad-targeting practices (including, without limitation, the use of technologies and third-party services to personalize customer experiences); risks associated with increases in order fulfillment logistics costs; and the failure of and risks related to the resources that underlay and support the operation of our and our third-party partners’ web infrastructure, websites and the related support systems, including computer viruses, malware (including, without limitation, ransomware), unauthorized access to and theft of customer information, privacy violations, fraudulent branded phishing sites impersonating our direct channel, ad scams causing customer confusion, information technology and vendor system failures, deepfakes and other malicious uses of artificial intelligence, disruption of critical services caused by threat actors and similar disruptions.
Our failure to maintain efficient and uninterrupted order-taking and fulfillment operations could also have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. We utilize third-party service providers for order management and for a majority of our fulfillment services. If these third-party service providers do not maintain efficient and uninterrupted service, we have experienced, and may in the future experience, merchandise delivery delays, loss of sales,
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stranded inventory, cancellation charges or excessive promotional activity to clear inventory. Further, we may have difficulty replacing these third-party service providers and there can be no assurance we can do so in a timely manner or on terms favorable to us. The satisfaction of our direct channel customers depends on their timely receipt of merchandise. If we encounter difficulties with the distribution and fulfillment facilities, or if the facilities were to shut down for any reason, including as a result of a pandemic, fire, natural disaster or work stoppage, we could face shortages of inventory; we could incur significantly higher costs and longer lead times associated with distributing our products to our customers; we could face scrutiny by regulators and litigants; and our customers may be dissatisfied.
Any of these issues could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to protect our reputation could have a material adverse effect on our brand image.
Our ability to maintain our reputation is critical to our brand image. Our reputation could be jeopardized if we fail to maintain high standards for merchandise quality and integrity of the consumer’s experience in stores and online. If third parties with which we have a business relationship, including our influencer network, fail to represent our brand in a manner consistent with our brand image, it could harm our reputation. Any negative publicity, including information publicized through traditional or social media platforms and similar venues such as websites, blogs and other forums, may affect our reputation and brand and, consequently, reduce demand for our merchandise and negatively impact our reputation, even if such publicity is unverified or inaccurate.
Failure to comply with or the perception that we have failed to comply with ethical, social, product, labor, privacy, systems and data security and environmental standards, or related political considerations, or that we have failed to ensure the safety of our stores and products, could also jeopardize our reputation and potentially lead to various adverse consumer actions, including boycotts. Failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations, to maintain an effective system of internal controls, to maintain the security of customer, associate, third-party and company information or to provide accurate and timely financial statement information could also hurt our reputation. Damage to our reputation or loss of consumer confidence for any of these or other reasons could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows, as well as require additional resources to rebuild our reputation.
If our marketing, advertising, promotional programs or loyalty program are unsuccessful, or if our competitors are more effective with their programs than we are, our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows may be adversely affected.
Customer traffic and demand for our merchandise are influenced by our advertising, marketing and promotional activities, the effectiveness of our loyalty program, the name recognition and reputation of our brand and the location of and service offered in our stores and through our direct business. Although we use marketing, advertising and promotional programs and our loyalty program to attract customers through various media, including social media, websites, mobile applications, email and print, and we continue to invest to improve the online and mobile user experience for our customers, some of our competitors may expend more for their programs than we do or use different or more efficient approaches than we do, which may provide them with a competitive advantage. Our financial forecasts are dependent on our marketing, advertising and promotional programs and our loyalty program enhancements driving customer acquisition and stronger customer retention. Our programs may not be effective or could require increased expenditures, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to adequately maintain, enforce and protect our trade names, trademarks and patents could have an impact on our brand image and ability to penetrate new markets.
We believe that our trade names, trademarks and patents are important assets and an essential element of our strategy. We have obtained or applied for federal registration of these trade names, trademarks and patents and have applied for or obtained registrations in many foreign countries. There can be no assurance that we will obtain such applied for registrations or that the registrations we obtain will prevent the imitation of our products or infringement or other violation of our intellectual property rights by others. In particular, the laws of certain foreign countries may not protect proprietary rights to the same extent as the laws of the U.S. If any third party copies our products, our or our partners' websites or our or our partners' stores in a manner that projects lesser quality or carries a negative connotation, it could have a material adverse effect on our brand image and reputation as well as our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Third parties may assert rights in or ownership of our trademarks and other intellectual property rights, or trademarks that are similar to our trademarks, or claim that we are infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating their intellectual property rights. We may be unable to successfully resolve these types of conflicts to our satisfaction and may be required to enter into costly license agreements, be required to pay significant royalties, settlement costs or damages, be required to rebrand our products and/or be prevented from selling some of our products.
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Our ability to compete favorably in our highly competitive segments of the retail industry could impact our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
The retail industry is highly competitive. We compete for sales with a broad range of other retailers, including individual and chain specialty stores, department stores and discount retailers. In addition to the traditional store-based retailers, we also compete with direct marketers or retailers that sell similar lines of merchandise and who target customers through online channels. Brand image, marketing, design, price, service, assortment, quality, innovation, image presentation and fulfillment are all competitive factors in both the store-based and online channels.
Some of our competitors may have greater financial, marketing and other resources available and trends across our product categories may favor our competitors. We rely to a greater degree than some of our competitors on physical locations in retail centers. Therefore, declines in traffic to such locations may affect us more significantly than our competitors. Some of our competitors sell their products in stores that are located in the same retail centers as our stores. In addition to competing for sales, we compete for favorable site locations and lease terms in retail centers.
Increased competition, combined with declines in store and/or direct channel traffic, could result in price reductions, increased marketing expenditures and loss of pricing power and market share, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our ability to manage the life cycles of our brand and to remain current with trends and launch and expand new product lines successfully could impact the image and relevance of our brand.
Our success depends in part on management’s ability to effectively manage the life cycles of our brand, to anticipate and respond to changing preferences and consumer demands and to translate market trends into appropriate, saleable product offerings in advance of the actual time of sale to the customer. We are dependent on certain product categories, and declines in customer demand in these product categories has negatively impacted our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Our financial forecasts are dependent on our ability to drive growth through adjacent product categories, including men’s, fragrant haircare, laundry and lip. Customer demands and trends change rapidly. If we are unable to successfully anticipate, identify or react to changing preferences or trends, we misjudge the market for our products or any new product lines, or our launches or expansions of new product lines are unsuccessful, we may not be able to achieve the growth in our business that we currently anticipate. In response, we may be forced to increase our marketing promotions or price markdowns and potentially discontinue a product line. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our brand image and reputation as well as our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by our ability to adequately source, distribute and sell merchandise and other materials on a global basis.
We source merchandise and other materials directly in domestic and international markets. We distribute merchandise and other materials globally to our franchise and other distribution-related partners in international locations and to our stores. Many of our imports and exports are subject to a variety of customs regulations and international trade arrangements, including existing or potential duties, tariffs or safeguard quotas. We also compete with other companies for manufacturing facilities.
We also face a variety of other risks generally associated with doing business on a global basis. For example:
political instability, geopolitical conflict, including the war between Russia and Ukraine and the conflict in the Middle East, environmental hazards or natural disasters, which could negatively affect international economies, financial markets and business activity;
significant health hazards or pandemics, which could result in closed factories, distribution and fulfillment centers and/or stores, reduced workforces, scarcity of raw materials and scrutiny or embargoing of goods produced in impacted areas;
imposition of new or retaliatory trade duties, sanctions or taxes and other charges on imports or exports;
evolving, new or complex legal and regulatory matters;
volatility in currency exchange rates;
local business practices and political issues (including issues relating to compliance with domestic or international labor standards) and anti-American sentiment, which may result in adverse publicity or threatened or actual adverse consumer actions, including boycotts;
delays or disruptions in shipping and transportation and related pricing impacts;
disruption due to labor disputes; and
changing expectations regarding product safety due to new laws or regulations or other factors.
Certain goods that we import are sourced from third-party suppliers in China. Our ability to successfully import such materials may be adversely affected by changes in U.S. and Canadian laws. For example, in December 2021, the U.S. Congress passed the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (“UFLPA”), which imposed a presumptive ban on the import of goods to the U.S. that are made, wholly or in part, in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China (“XUAR”) or by persons that participate in
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certain programs in the XUAR that entail the use of forced labor. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) has published both a list of entities that are known to utilize forced labor, and a list of commodities that are most at risk, such as polyl-vinyl chloride, cotton, tomatoes and silica-based products. Although none of our Chinese suppliers are located in the XUAR, we do not currently have full visibility to the entirety of each supplier's separate sub-tier supply chains to be able to ensure that the raw materials or other inputs they use to manufacture their goods are not produced in the XUAR. As a result of the UFLPA, materials we import into the U.S. could be held by the CBP based on a suspicion that inputs used in such materials originated from the XUAR or that they may have been produced by Chinese suppliers accused of participating in forced labor, pending our providing satisfactory evidence to the contrary. Among other consequences, such an outcome could result in negative publicity that harms our brand and reputation and could result in a delay or complete inability to import such materials, which could result in inventory shortages and an increase in supply chain compliance costs.
We also rely upon third-party transportation providers for substantially all of our product shipments, including shipments to and from our distribution centers, to our stores and fulfillment centers, and to our customers. Our utilization of these delivery services for shipments is subject to risks, including increases in labor costs and fuel prices, which would increase our shipping costs, and associate strikes and inclement weather, which may impact our transportation providers’ ability to provide delivery services that adequately meet our shipping needs.
Our ability, or perceived inability, to complete environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) initiatives may have a material adverse effect on our reputation.
Investors, other stakeholders, the general public and U.S. and foreign governmental and nongovernmental organizations have been focused on ESG initiatives, including with respect to climate change, greenhouse gas emissions, packaging and waste, diversity, equity and inclusion, worker pay and benefits, human rights, sustainable supply chain practices, animal health and welfare, deforestation and land, energy and water use. We maintain an ESG function to provide direction and coordinate ESG work throughout the Company. We anticipate increased public, regulatory, investor and other stakeholder pressure to expand our disclosures in these areas, make further commitments, set additional targets or establish additional goals and take actions to meet them, which could expose us to market, operational, regulatory, legal and execution costs or risks. The metrics we disclose, whether they are based on the standards we set for ourselves or those set by others, may influence our reputation and the value of our brand. Our failure to achieve progress on our metrics and successfully achieve our targets and goals on a timely basis, or at all, could adversely affect our business, financial performance and growth. By electing to set and share publicly these metrics, targets and goals and expand upon our disclosures, our business may also face increased scrutiny related to ESG activities and potentially enforcement actions and litigation. As a result, we could damage our reputation and the value of our brand if we fail to act responsibly. Any harm to our reputation resulting from setting these metrics, targets and goals or expanding our disclosure or our failure, or perceived failure, to meet such metrics, targets and goals could adversely affect our business, financial performance and growth.
We could also be affected by the physical effects of climate change and other environmental issues, to the extent such issues adversely affect the general economy, adversely impact our supply chain or our stores or increase the costs of our products and other supplies needed for our operations. In addition, future domestic and international legislative and regulatory efforts to combat climate change or other environmental considerations could result in increased regulation and additional taxes and other expenses in a manner that adversely affects our business, financial performance and growth.
We rely on a number of manufacturing and distribution facilities located in the same vicinity, making our business susceptible to local and regional disruptions or adverse conditions.
To achieve the necessary speed and agility in supply of our inventory, we rely heavily on third-party manufacturing facilities and our distribution facilities in close proximity to our headquarters in central Ohio. As a result of the geographic concentration of many of the manufacturing and distribution facilities that we rely upon, our operations are susceptible to local and regional factors, such as accidents, system failures, economic and weather conditions, natural disasters, demographic and population changes and other unforeseen events and circumstances. Any significant interruption in the operations of these facilities could lead to inventory issues, increased costs or interruptions to our operations, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
A change in the relationship with our key vendors could have a material effect on our business.
We rely on a limited number of vendors (including manufacturers) to supply our inventory. In 2023, our largest vendor supplied approximately 15% of our total merchandise purchases (on a dollar basis) and our largest five vendors in the aggregate supplied approximately 40% of our total merchandise purchases (on a dollar basis). Our business depends on developing and maintaining close relationships with our vendors and on our vendors’ ability or willingness to sell quality products to us at competitive prices and on other favorable terms. Many factors outside of our control may impact these relationships and the ability or willingness of these vendors to sell us products on favorable terms. For example, financial or operational difficulties that our vendors may face could increase the cost of the products we purchase from them or our ability to source products from them.
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We may be impacted by our vendors’ ability to manufacture and deliver products in a timely manner, meet quality standards and comply with applicable laws and regulations.
We purchase products from third-party vendors. Factors outside our control, such as production issues, shipping delays, quality problems, geopolitical conflicts and wars, outbreaks of disease such as the COVID-19 pandemic, or natural disasters, could disrupt merchandise deliveries and result in lost sales, cancellation charges or excessive markdowns.
In addition, quality problems could result in product liability judgments or widespread product recalls that may negatively impact our sales and profitability for a period of time depending on product availability, reaction of competitors and consumer attitudes. Even if product liability claims are unsuccessful or are not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertions could adversely impact our reputation with existing and potential customers and our brand image.
Our business could also suffer if our third-party vendors fail to comply with applicable laws and regulations. While our internal and vendor operating guidelines promote ethical business practices and our associates and third-party compliance auditors visit and monitor the operations of our third-party vendors, we do not control these vendors or their practices. Violations of labor, environmental or other laws by third-party vendors used by us or the divergence of a third-party vendor’s or partner’s labor or environmental practices from those generally accepted as ethical or appropriate could interrupt or otherwise disrupt the shipment of finished products to us or damage our reputation.
These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
The spin-off of Victoria’s Secret could result in substantial tax liability to us and our stockholders.
We received an opinion of counsel to the effect that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the spin-off and certain related transactions qualify for tax-free treatment under certain sections of the Internal Revenue Code. However, the opinion relies on certain assumptions, representations and undertakings, including those relating to the past and future conduct of our business, and the opinion would not be valid if such assumptions, representations and undertakings were incorrect. Furthermore, the opinion is not binding on the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) or the courts. If, notwithstanding receipt of the opinion, the spin-off or certain related transactions are determined to be taxable, we would be subject to a substantial tax liability. In addition, if the spin-off is taxable, each holder of our common stock who received shares of Victoria’s Secret common stock in connection with the spin-off would generally be treated as receiving a taxable dividend in an amount equal to the fair market value of the shares received.
Even if the spin-off otherwise qualifies as a tax-free transaction, the distribution would be taxable to us (but not to our stockholders) in certain circumstances if future significant acquisitions of our stock or the stock of Victoria’s Secret are determined to be part of a plan or series of related transactions that included the spin-off. In this event, the resulting tax liability could be substantial. In connection with the spin-off, we entered into a Tax Matters Agreement with Victoria’s Secret, pursuant to which Victoria’s Secret agreed to not enter into any transaction that could cause the spin-off or any related transactions to be taxable to us without our consent and to indemnify us for any tax liability resulting from any such transaction. In addition, these potential tax liabilities may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of us.
Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could impact our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk with respect to our sales, profits, assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. In addition, our royalty arrangements are calculated based on sales in local currency and, as such, we are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Although we use foreign currency forward contracts to hedge certain foreign currency risks, these measures may not succeed in offsetting all of the short-term negative impacts of foreign currency rate movements on our business and results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Hedging would generally not be effective in offsetting the long-term impact of sustained shifts in foreign exchange rates on our business results. As a result, the fluctuation in the value of the U.S. dollar against other currencies could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our results may be affected by fluctuations in product input costs.
Product input costs, including freight, labor and raw materials, fluctuate subject to price volatility caused by any fluctuation in aggregate supply and demand or other external conditions, such as inflationary conditions, weather and climate conditions, geopolitical conflicts and wars, energy costs, natural events or disasters, taxes and tariffs (including as a result of trade disputes), industry demand, labor shortages, transportation issues, fuel costs, product recalls, governmental regulation and other factors, all of which are beyond our control and in many instances are unpredictable. These factors may result in an increase in our product input costs. We may not be able to, or may elect not to, fully pass these increases on to our customers which may adversely impact our profit margins. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
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Our results may be affected by fluctuations in energy costs.
Energy costs have fluctuated in the past and may fluctuate in the future due to changes in factors beyond our control, such as weather and climate conditions or natural events or disasters, taxes and tariffs (including as a result of trade disputes), industry demand, high demand for renewable energy, inflationary conditions, labor shortages, transportation issues, fuel costs, geopolitical conflicts and wars, governmental regulation and other factors. These fluctuations may result in an increase in our transportation costs for distribution, utility costs for our retail stores, distribution and fulfillment centers and other Company locations and costs to purchase products from third-party manufacturers. A continual rise in energy costs could adversely affect consumer spending and demand for our products and increase our operating costs, both of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Our results may be impacted by our ability to adequately protect our assets from loss and theft.
Our assets are subject to loss, including those caused by illegal or unethical conduct by associates, customers, vendors, partners or unaffiliated third parties (including from organized retail crime). We experience events that cause inventory shrinkage. Our inventory shrinkage rates have increased in recent years and may continue to increase, and we cannot assure that incidences of loss and theft will decrease in the future or that the measures we are taking will effectively reduce these losses. Higher rates of loss or increased security costs to combat theft could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We self-insure certain risks and may be impacted by unfavorable claims experience.
We are self-insured for various types of insurable risks including associate medical benefits, workers’ compensation, property, general liability and automobile, up to certain stop-loss limits. Claims are difficult to predict and may be volatile. Any adverse claims experience could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We have undertaken a multi-year initiative to upgrade our digital and information technology systems and capabilities. We significantly rely on our, and our third-party service providers’, ability to successfully implement, upgrade and sustain information technology systems and to protect associated data and system availability.
Following the substantial completion of our information technology separation from Victoria’s Secret in the second quarter of 2023, we have undertaken the IT Transformation Project, a multi-year project to significantly upgrade our digital and information technology systems and capabilities to, among other things, advance our data analytics capabilities, enhance our in-store and online customer experience, enable us to more effectively personalize our marketing, shopping and promotional experiences, enhance the security of and otherwise reduce risks associated with our IT systems, streamline our information technology operations and enable us to work more efficiently. We, together with our third-party service providers and vendors, maintain a complex ecosystem of information technology systems and environments that will be impacted by the IT Transformation Project. As with any significant information technology upgrade, the IT Transformation Project increases the risk of interruption of service, data loss and vulnerabilities, corruption of data, breach, failure of information technology systems to effectively communicate and other disruptions to our operations. Moreover, the IT Transformation Project could result in expenses and capital expenditures that substantially exceed the expenses and capital expenditures that we currently anticipate.
The success of our business depends, in part, on the secure and uninterrupted performance of our, and our third-party service providers’ and vendors’, information technology systems. Our information technology systems, as well as those of our service providers and vendors, are vulnerable to damage, interruption, service availability or breach from a variety of sources, including cyberattacks, ransomware attacks, deepfakes and other malicious uses of artificial intelligence, telecommunication failures, malicious human acts and natural disasters. Moreover, despite maintaining comprehensive measures, some of our systems, e-commerce environments and servers and those of our service providers and vendors are potentially vulnerable to physical or electronic break-ins, malware (including, without limitation, ransomware), computer viruses and similar disruptive problems. Such incidents have disrupted, and could in the future further disrupt, our operations (whether directly or due to disruptions of our service providers’ and vendors’ operations) including our ability to timely ship and track product orders and project inventory requirements and lead to interruptions or delays in our supply chain. Additionally, these types of problems could result in an actual or perceived breach of confidential customer, merchandise, financial, associate or other important information (including personal information), which could result in damage to our reputation, costly litigation, customer complaints, negative publicity, breach notification obligations, regulatory or administrative sanctions, inquiries, orders or investigations, indemnity obligations, damages for contract breach or penalties for violations of applicable laws or regulations. The increased use of smartphones, tablets, mobile devices and data applications and services may also heighten these and other operational risks. Despite the precautions we have taken, unanticipated problems or events may nevertheless cause failures in, or unauthorized access to, our and our third-party service providers’ and vendors’ information technology systems. Sustained or repeated system disruptions that interrupt our ability to process orders and deliver products to the stores or directly to our customers, impact our ability to process transactions in our stores, impact our customers’ ability to access our websites and mobile applications in a timely manner or expose confidential customer, merchandise, financial, associate or other important
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information (including personal information), the risks of which may be heightened as we execute on the IT Transformation Project, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We are party to a Transition Services Agreement with Victoria’s Secret for certain information technology services and systems to support the day-to-day needs for select areas of technology. While the majority of these information technology capabilities were transitioned from Victoria’s Secret to us or to other third-party service providers or vendors during fiscal 2023, Victoria’s Secret continues to primarily maintain certain network, cyber and data security and infrastructure systems for our benefit. As these services and systems are transitioned to us or our third-party service providers or vendors during fiscal 2024, we will be required to establish new information technology systems as well as make hardware, software and code modifications and upgrades to certain existing information technology systems. The transition involves replacing existing systems with successor systems, making changes to existing systems, acquiring new systems with new functionality and engaging with qualified third-party service providers and vendors to utilize their systems. We are aware of inherent risks associated with replacing and modifying our information technology systems (including in connection with the IT Transformation Project) as well as the risks of transitioning information technology services to third-party service providers and vendors, including in each case risks relative to data integrity and system disruptions. Information technology system disruptions or data corruption, if not appropriately mitigated, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We use third-party service providers and vendors to store, transmit and otherwise process certain confidential customer, merchandise, financial, associate or other important information (including personal information) on our behalf, and our third-party service providers and vendors are subject to cybersecurity and privacy risks similar to us. Due to applicable laws and regulations or contractual obligations, we may be held responsible for any cybersecurity incidents or privacy violations attributed to our service providers or vendors as they relate to the information we share with them, information to which they are granted access, or information that they process for us to deliver services to our customers. Although we strive to contractually require these service providers and vendors to implement and maintain controls and a standard of security (such as implementing reasonable measures) and to comply with applicable law, we cannot control third parties and cannot guarantee that a security breach or privacy violation will not occur in connection with their systems and practices.
Any significant compromise or breach of our data security, including the security of customer, associate, third-party or Company information, could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
In the operation of our business, we collect, use, transmit and otherwise process a large volume of personal and other confidential, proprietary and sensitive information. Information systems are susceptible to an increasing threat of continually evolving cybersecurity risks. Breaches or failures of security involving our information systems, including those provided, managed and supported by any of our third-party service providers, have occurred, and in the future may occur. Any significant compromise or breach of our data security, media reports about such an incident, whether accurate or not, or our failure to make adequate or timely disclosures to the public, regulatory agencies or law enforcement agencies following any such event, whether due to delayed discovery or a failure to follow existing protocols or regulations, could significantly damage our reputation with our customers, associates, investors and other third parties, cause the disclosure of personal, confidential, proprietary or sensitive customer, associate, third-party or Company information, cause interruptions to our operations and distraction to our management, cause our customers to stop shopping with us, inhibit our ability to attract new customers and result in significant legal, regulatory and financial liabilities and lost revenues. Compounding these risks is the complexity of our information systems, which are a collection of our and our third-party service providers’ systems, and increased associated risks related to transitioning the remaining information systems from Victoria’s Secret to other third-party service providers and us.
While we train our associates, have implemented systems, processes and security measures to protect our physical facilities and information technology systems against unauthorized access and prevent data loss, and have vetted our third-party service providers' systems, processes and security measures, there is no guarantee that these procedures are adequate to safeguard against all data security threats to us or our third-party service providers. Despite these measures, we have been and may in the future be vulnerable to targeted or random attacks on our systems that could lead to security breaches, denial of service, vandalism, computer viruses, malware, ransomware, misplaced, corrupted or lost data, programming and/or human errors or similar events. Our systems and facilities (and the systems and facilities of our third-party service providers) are also subject to compromise from internal threats, such as theft, misuse, unauthorized access or other improper actions by associates, contractors and third-party service providers with otherwise legitimate access to our (or such third-party service providers’) systems, websites, mobile applications or facilities (which risks may be heightened as a result of our (or their) associates working from home). Furthermore, because the methods of cyberattack and deception change frequently, are increasingly complex and sophisticated and can originate from a wide variety of sources, including nation-state actors, despite our efforts to ensure the confidentiality, availability and integrity of our systems, websites and mobile applications, it is possible that we may not be able to anticipate, detect, appropriately react and respond to or implement effective preventative measures against all cybersecurity threats, and our third-party service providers may be subject to the same risks.
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We have and may in the future be required to expend significant capital and other resources to protect against, respond to and recover from any potential, attempted or existing cybersecurity incidents. As cybersecurity incidents continue to evolve, we may be required to expend significant additional resources to continue to modify or enhance our protective measures or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities. In addition, our remediation efforts may not be successful or may not be completed in a timely manner. The inability to implement, maintain and upgrade adequate safeguards could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Moreover, there could be public announcements regarding cybersecurity incidents and any steps we take to respond to or remediate such incidents, and if securities analysts or investors perceive these announcements to be negative, it could, among other things, have a substantial adverse effect on the price of our common stock.
While we currently maintain cybersecurity insurance, such insurance may not be sufficient in type or amount to cover us against claims related to breaches, violations of law, failures or other data security-related incidents, and we cannot be certain that cybersecurity insurance will continue to be available to us on economically reasonable terms, or at all, or that any insurer will not deny coverage as to any future claim. The successful assertion of one or more large claims against us that exceed available insurance coverage or the occurrence of changes in our insurance policies, including premium increases or the imposition of large deductible or co-insurance requirements, could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
Risks related to our common stock:
Our stock price may be volatile.
Our stock price may fluctuate substantially as a result of variations in our actual or projected performance or the financial performance of other companies in the retail or consumer product industries. Any guidance that we provide is based on goals that we believe are reasonably attainable at the time guidance is given. If, or when, we announce actual results that differ from those that have been forecasted by us, outside investment analysts or others, our stock price could be adversely affected. Investors who rely on these forecasts when making investment decisions with respect to our securities do so at their own risk.
The stock market in general has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations that have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of listed companies. In particular, our common stock may in the future be traded by short sellers which may put pressure on the supply and demand for our common stock, further influencing volatility in its market price. Public perception and other factors outside of our control may additionally impact the stock price of companies like us that garner a disproportionate degree of public attention, regardless of actual operating performance.
If we are unable to pay quarterly dividends or repurchase our shares at intended levels, our reputation and stock price may be impacted.
Quarterly cash dividends and share repurchase programs have historically been part of our capital allocation strategy. We are not required to declare dividends or make any share repurchases under our share repurchase programs in the future. For example, in 2020, we did not repurchase any of our shares, and we suspended our quarterly cash dividends due to the anticipated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our Board will determine our future levels of dividend payments and share repurchase authorizations, if any, giving consideration to our levels of profit and cash flow, capital requirements, capital allocation strategy, current and forecasted liquidity and the restrictions placed upon us by our borrowing arrangements, as well as financial and other conditions which may be beyond our control. Any reduction, or failure, to pay dividends or repurchase our shares after we have announced our intention to do so may negatively impact our reputation, investor confidence in us and our stock price.
Shareholder activism could cause us to incur significant expense, impact the execution of our business strategy and have an adverse effect on our business.
Shareholder activism, which can take many forms and arise in a variety of situations, could result in substantial costs and divert our attention and resources from our business and our ability to execute our strategic plans. Additionally, such shareholder activism could give rise to perceived uncertainties as to our future, adversely affect our relationships with our associates, customers, service providers or other vendors and make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified personnel. Also, we may be required to incur significant fees and other expenses related to activist shareholder matters, including for third-party advisors. Our stock price could be subject to significant fluctuation or otherwise be adversely affected by the events, risks and uncertainties of any shareholder activism.
Risks related to our indebtedness:
Our ability to maintain our credit ratings could affect our ability to access capital and could increase our interest expense.
The credit rating agencies periodically review our capital structure and the quality and stability of our earnings. A deterioration in our capital structure or the quality and stability of our earnings could result in a downgrade of our credit ratings. Any
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negative ratings actions could constrain the capital available to us or our industry and could limit our access to funding for our operations. We are dependent upon our ability to access capital at rates and on terms we determine to be attractive. If our ability to access capital becomes constrained, our interest costs may increase, we may not be able to fund future growth or we may not be able to meet some or all of our financial obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be unable to service or refinance our debt or maintain compliance with restrictive covenants in our debt instruments, including our asset-backed revolving credit facility.
We currently have substantial indebtedness. Our asset-backed revolving credit facility (the “ABL Facility”) contains a covenant and negative covenants that under certain circumstances require maintenance of a certain financial ratio and also, under certain conditions, restrict our ability to pay dividends, repurchase shares of our common stock and make other restricted payments as defined in the agreement. Our cash flow from operations provides the primary source of funds for our debt service payments. If our cash flow from operations declines, we may be unable to service or refinance our current debt. If we fail to comply with any covenant, including our financial covenant, it could result in an event of default and our lenders could terminate the commitments under our ABL Facility and make the entire debt incurred thereunder immediately due and payable, or we may be forced to sell assets, restructure our indebtedness or seek additional equity capital, which would dilute our stockholders’ interests.
Risks related to laws and regulations:
Changes in laws, regulations or technology platform rules relating to privacy and data security, or any actual or perceived failure by us to comply with such laws and regulations, or contractual or other obligations relating to privacy and data security, could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We are, and may increasingly become, subject to various laws, directives, industry standards and regulations, as well as contractual obligations, relating to privacy and data security in the jurisdictions in which we operate and may in the future operate. The legal and regulatory environment related to privacy and data security is increasingly rigorous, with new requirements, constantly changing requirements, and new or novel interpretations of existing requirements applicable to our business, and enforcement actions and litigation are likely to remain uncertain for the foreseeable future. These laws and regulations may be interpreted and applied differently over time and from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and it is possible that the laws and regulations will be interpreted and applied in ways that may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
In the U.S., privacy and data protection are regulated at federal, state and local levels. Various federal and state regulators, including governmental agencies like the SEC and the Federal Trade Commission, have adopted, or are considering adopting, laws and regulations concerning privacy and data security and have prioritized privacy and data security-related violations for enforcement actions. Certain state laws are, and in the future may continue to be, more stringent or broader in scope, or offer greater individual rights, with respect to personal information than federal, international or other state laws, and such laws may differ from each other, all of which complicates compliance efforts and increases risks to our business.
These laws and regulations range from the “sectoral” variety (i.e., laws that govern specific practices, services or technologies) to omnibus laws (i.e., laws that comprehensively seek to govern all aspects of data processing practices). As an omnichannel retailer, we are subject to both.
In North America, we are subject to sectoral laws that impose different enforcement regimes, whether enforced by government agencies or class action and/or mass arbitration litigants, with fines and statutory damages that can result in significant exposure when applied to large customer segments. Illustrative of the sectoral variety are laws that govern telephonic communications (e.g., the Federal Telephone Consumer Protection Act), email communications (e.g., the Federal Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act and Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation), the use of biometric technology (e.g., the Illinois Biometric Information Privacy Act), the printing of payment card numbers on certain transaction receipts (e.g., the Federal Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act), the use of call recordings (e.g., federal and state laws governing unlawful surveillance and consent for recordings), the collection of consumer information at retail point of sale (e.g., the California Song-Beverly Act), and the collection of driver’s license information (e.g., state laws governing the scanning of government identification).
We are further subject to omnibus privacy and data protection laws. For example, the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) broadly governs data privacy practices, increases privacy rights for California residents and imposes obligations on companies that process their personal information. Among other things, the CCPA requires covered companies to provide new disclosures to California consumers and provide such consumers data protection and privacy rights, including the ability to opt out of certain disclosures of their personal information and the ability to access and delete personal information. The CCPA provides for civil penalties for violations, as well as a private right of action for certain data breaches that result in the loss of
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certain classifications of personal information. This private right of action may increase the likelihood of, and risks associated with, data breach litigation. Furthermore, the California Privacy Rights Act of 2020 (“CPRA”) imposes additional obligations on companies covered by the legislation, including by expanding California residents’ rights with respect to certain sensitive personal information. The CPRA also created a new state agency that is vested with authority to implement and enforce the CCPA and CPRA. Other states and countries have passed comprehensive data privacy laws that are similar to the CCPA and CPRA, further complicating the legal landscape, and similar bills are making their way through several state legislatures. In addition, laws in all 50 U.S. states require businesses to provide notice to consumers (and, in some cases, to regulators) of data breaches, which are when certain types of personal information have been accessed, impacted or acquired without authorization. State laws are changing rapidly, and there are deliberations in the U.S. Congress regarding the text of a new comprehensive federal data privacy law to which we would become subject if it is enacted. Such a law could add complexity, variation in requirements, restrictions and potential legal risk. Moreover, it could require additional investment of resources in compliance programs, impact strategies and the availability of previously useful data and result in increased compliance costs or changes in business practices and policies.
While most of our international operations are conducted through franchise, license, wholesale and other distribution-related arrangements, we are also subject to certain international laws, regulations and standards in certain international jurisdictions and may be subject to additional international laws, regulations and standards, whether existing or enacted in the future, that apply broadly to the collection, use, retention, security, disclosure, transfer and other processing of personal information. In Canada, we are subject to the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (“PIPEDA”) as well as substantially similar provincial privacy laws (e.g., Quebec’s Law 25, which became effective in September 2023). These privacy laws broadly govern the entire lifecycle of personal information, enumerating principles that govern accountability; purpose; consent; assessment; privacy by default; limitations on collection, use, disclosure and retention; accuracy; safeguards; transparency; data rights of access, correction and deletion; and complaint-handling. Certain of the laws also contain a mandatory breach notification regime. Canadian federal and provincial authorities and litigants enforce these laws. Privacy regulators have an express obligation to investigate complaints and have the authority to initiate investigations. Under PIPEDA, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada has the power to require an organization to enter into a compliance agreement and failure to comply may result in a court order or court proceedings. A complainant may also appeal to Federal Court, and the court has broad authority including awarding damages. Similarly, the European Union's (“EU”) General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) greatly increased the European Commission’s jurisdictional reach of its laws and added a broad array of requirements for handling personal data. Further, the GDPR serves and has served as a model for other jurisdictions’ data protection laws, including without limitation, the U.K.’s Data Protection Act of 2018. Under the GDPR, EU member states have enacted certain implementing legislation that adds to and/or further interprets the GDPR requirements and, depending on the extent and degree to which we conduct business in the European Economic Area (“EEA”) and the U.K., potentially extends our obligations and potential liability for failing to meet such obligations. The GDPR, together with national legislation, regulations and guidelines of the EEA states and the U.K. governing the processing of personal data, impose strict obligations and restrictions on the ability to collect, use, retain, protect, disclose, transfer and otherwise process personal data, and other international jurisdictions are expected to pass similar laws that may include even more stringent requirements. Changes in such international laws or changes in our business strategy such as direct expansions into additional jurisdictions may cause us to incur additional compliance costs, increase our risks of being subject to lawsuits, complaints and/or regulatory investigations or fines, or restrict our ability to transfer personal data between and among countries and regions in which we operate or may in the future operate. Such international laws, and our compliance with such laws, could impact the manner in which we do business and the geographical location or segregation of our relevant operations and could adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
All of these evolving compliance and operational requirements impose significant costs, such as costs related to organizational changes, investing in and implementing additional data protection technologies and other safeguards and training associates and engaging third-party service providers, which are likely to increase over time. In addition, such requirements may require us to modify our data processing practices and policies and distract management or divert resources from other initiatives and projects, all of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Any failure or perceived failure by us or our partners to comply with any applicable federal, state or similar foreign laws and regulations relating to privacy and data security could result in damage to our reputation and our relationship with our customers, as well as proceedings or litigation by governmental agencies or customers, including class action privacy and data-protection litigation in certain jurisdictions, which could subject us to significant fines, sanctions, awards, penalties or judgments, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by our ability to comply with legal and regulatory requirements.
We are subject to numerous legal and regulatory requirements. Our policies, procedures and internal controls are designed to comply with all applicable foreign and domestic laws and regulations, including those required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, the SEC and the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), among others. Although we have put in place policies and procedures aimed at ensuring legal and regulatory compliance, our
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associates, subcontractors, manufacturers, other vendors, licensees, franchisees and other third parties could take actions that violate these laws and regulations. Any violations of such laws or regulations could have an adverse effect on our reputation, the market price of our common stock and our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
It can be difficult to comply with sometimes conflicting statutes or regulations in local, national or foreign jurisdictions as well as new or changing laws and regulations. Also, changes in such laws and regulations could make operating our business more expensive or require us to change the way we do business. For example, changes in product safety or other consumer protection laws could lead to increased costs for certain merchandise, increased research and development costs associated with product reformulations or new product lines, or additional labor costs associated with readying merchandise for sale. We operate stores in all 50 states, Canada and Puerto Rico, which requires us to comply with a myriad of provincial, state and local laws pertaining to all aspects of our business, including our associates and consumers. The trend for states and localities in the United States to legislate in the absence of national laws passed by the U.S. Congress has greatly increased the complexity of legal compliance for us. It may be difficult for us to comply with these laws, compliance may be costly and compliance and associated costs may negatively impact our operations.
We may be adversely impacted by certain compliance or legal matters.
We, along with third parties we do business with, are subject to complex compliance and litigation risks. Actions filed against us from time to time include commercial, tort, intellectual property, product liability, tax, customer, employment, wage and hour, data privacy, securities, anti-corruption and other claims, including purported class action lawsuits and mass arbitration claims. The cost of defending against these types of claims against us or the ultimate resolution of such claims, whether by settlement or adverse court decision, may harm our business. Further, potential claimants may be encouraged to bring suits based on a settlement from us or adverse court decisions against us. We cannot currently assess the likely outcome of such suits, but if the outcome were negative, it could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
In addition, we may be impacted by litigation trends, including class action lawsuits involving consumers and stockholders, that could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, the market price of our common stock and our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
We may be impacted by changes in taxation, trade and other regulatory requirements.
We are subject to income tax in local, national and international jurisdictions. In addition, our products are subject to import and excise duties and/or sales or value-added taxes in many jurisdictions. We are also subject to the examination of our tax returns and other tax matters by the IRS and other tax authorities and governmental bodies. We regularly assess the likelihood of an adverse outcome resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for taxes. There can be no assurance as to the outcome of these examinations. Fluctuations in tax rates and duties, changes in tax legislation or regulation or adverse outcomes of these examinations could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
There is increased uncertainty with respect to international tax policy and trade relations between the U.S. and other countries. The uncertainty results from, among other things, executive actions or legislative priorities taken, set or under consideration, by the current U.S. presidential administration, major developments in tax policy or trade relations (including the imposition of unilateral tariffs on imported products), and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development actions adopted in certain jurisdictions. These actions, legislation and developments could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.
None.
ITEM 1C. CYBERSECURITY
The Company has developed an information security program to address material risks from cybersecurity threats, which is integrated within our overall enterprise risk management program. The program includes policies and procedures that identify how security measures and controls are developed, implemented and maintained. Under the information security program, the Company performs one or more cyber risk assessments each year based on recognized industry best practices and standards and cyber threat intelligence. The risk assessments, together with risk-based analysis and judgment, are used to determine security controls to address identified risks. The Company considers the following factors, among others, during its risk and control implementation assessments: the likelihood and severity of the risk; the impact on the Company, the Company’s customers, associates and stockholders, and others if a risk materializes; the feasibility and cost of controls; and the impact of controls on operations and others.
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The Company’s information security program currently includes the following controls, which are deployed as the Company deems applicable:
endpoint threat detection and response;
identity and access management;
privileged access management;
logging and monitoring involving the use of security information and event management;
multi-factor authentication;
firewalls and intrusion detection and prevention;
web application firewalls and bot security tools; and
vulnerability and patch management.
All of the Company’s office-based associates and certain distribution and fulfillment center associates undergo mandatory security awareness training at the time of hiring and on an annual basis thereafter. The Company’s store-based associates receive ad hoc awareness communications and are provided with cybersecurity awareness materials as part of the store operating manual.
The Company uses third-party security firms in different capacities to provide or operate some of these controls and technology systems, including cloud-based platforms and services. Third parties are used to conduct assessments, such as vulnerability scans and penetration testing. The Company uses a variety of processes to address cybersecurity threats related to the use of third-party technology and services, including pre-acquisition diligence, imposition of contractual obligations and performance monitoring.
As part of the Company’s overall enterprise risk management program, the Company has developed business continuity and disaster recovery plans, which include measures to respond to potential disruptions to our information technology systems (or information technology systems of third parties on which we rely). The Company also maintains a written information security incident response plan and conducts tabletop exercises to enhance incident response preparedness. The Company is also a member of an industry cybersecurity intelligence and risk sharing organization.
The Company (or third parties on which it relies) may not be able to fully, continuously and effectively implement security controls as designed or intended. As described above, the Company utilizes a risk-based approach and judgment to determine the security controls to implement, and it is possible that the Company may not implement appropriate controls if management does not recognize, or underestimates, a particular risk. In addition, security controls, no matter how well designed or implemented, may only partially mitigate, but not fully eliminate, risks. Security events, when detected by security tools or third parties, may not always be immediately understood or acted upon by the Company (or by third parties it relies upon).
The Company, like many retailers, relies upon third-party service providers, such as payment processors and network providers, that have faced risks from threat actors and cybercriminal groups that seek to steal payment card data, consumer data, and other sensitive information; disrupt critical information technology systems; and/or demand ransom payments. Although the Company has implemented controls to address these risks, if these risks were to materialize, such as in the event of a cybersecurity incident causing the networks of a third-party payment processor to not be operational, the impact to the Company could be material.
We have not identified risks from cybersecurity threats, including as a result of any previous cybersecurity incidents, which have materially affected us or are reasonably likely to materially affect us, including our business strategy, results of operations, or financial condition. However, we continue to face risks from cybersecurity threats that, if realized, may have such material effect. Despite our ongoing efforts, we cannot provide complete assurance that our cybersecurity risk management processes will be effective in detecting, preventing, or mitigating such cybersecurity risks. See also “We have undertaken a multi-year initiative to upgrade our digital and information technology systems and capabilities. We significantly rely on our, and our third-party service providers’, ability to successfully implement, upgrade and sustain information technology systems and to protect associated data and system availability” and “Any significant compromise or breach of our data security, including the security of customer, associate, third-party or Company information, could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows” in Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of cybersecurity risks that could have a material impact on the Company, which sections should be read in conjunction with this Item 1C.
The Company’s Chief Information Security Officer (“CISO”) is the member of the Company’s management team with primary responsibility for the development, operation and maintenance of the Company’s information security program. The CISO holds a master of science degree in information assurance and has approximately 24 years of cybersecurity experience with Fortune 500 financial, defense, consulting and retail companies. The Company’s Audit Committee oversees the Company’s information security program at the Board level. The Audit Committee, which is composed entirely of independent members of the Board, receives reports directly from the CISO at least twice per year regarding the Company’s cybersecurity program, including reports regarding items such as cybersecurity policies and practices, cybersecurity program resources, third-party
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assessments of the Company’s information security program, key risks related to the Company’s information security program and the Company’s mitigating controls.
As described above, the Company maintains an information security incident response plan that includes processes and procedures for evaluating and escalating cybersecurity incidents to, as determined to be appropriate, the Company’s executive management team and members of the Board. The initial impact level of each cybersecurity event is evaluated by a designated team of information security specialists using risk criteria that have been defined and approved by the Company’s executive management team and reviewed with the Company’s Audit Committee. If escalated, the incident is evaluated by a cross-functional core and extended team, as applicable, of Company managers that includes the Company’s CISO and the Company’s designated internal legal counsel, as well as identified associates from across the Company’s business and functions, as applicable. Cybersecurity incidents are assigned incident impact levels based on the core team’s determination of potential impact to the Company. The core team employs defined risk criteria to classify incidents and escalate incidents accordingly. Based on the severity classification assigned by the core team, incidents may be escalated to representatives of the Company’s executive management team (which includes the Company’s Disclosure Committee), the Chairs of the Board and the Audit Committee, other members of the Audit Committee and/or the full Board. The incident response plan, which also incorporates processes to engage identified third-party cybersecurity consultants, advisors and response services, provides for continuous re-evaluation of identified cybersecurity incidents by the appropriate levels of management to ensure that the Company is able to satisfy its disclosure obligations under relevant rules and regulations.
The Company has an Enterprise Risk Management function that oversees the identification prioritization and mitigation of the Company’s enterprise risks, and cybersecurity is a risk category addressed by that function. The Company also has a Cybersecurity and Privacy Risk Council, which is composed of representatives of the Company’s senior management and operates to deliver management-level oversight of cybersecurity matters. The Company uses governance, risk and compliance tools to assess, identify and manage its cybersecurity risks.
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.
Company-Operated
The following table provides the location, use and size of our Company-operated distribution, fulfillment, office and product development facilities as of February 3, 2024:
LocationUseApproximate
Square
Footage
(in thousands)
Columbus, Ohio areaOffice, distribution and fulfillment centers and shipping facilities5,000 
Other North AmericaOffice and product development/design70 
We own five office, distribution center and shipping facilities located in the Columbus, Ohio area comprising approximately 3.9 million square feet. In addition, we operate a 1.1 million square foot leased direct channel fulfillment center located near Columbus, Ohio.
We also lease various other office and product development/design locations in North America, primarily in New York.
As of February 3, 2024, we operated 1,739 and 111 retail stores located in leased facilities throughout the U.S. and Canada, respectively. A substantial portion of our U.S. store leases generally have an initial term of ten years, while our Canadian store leases generally have initial terms of five to ten years. Our store leases expire at various dates between fiscal 2024 and fiscal 2034.
Third-party Operated Fulfillment and Distribution Centers
We utilize five permanent third-party operated direct channel fulfillment centers in North America, comprising approximately 2.8 million square feet. We also utilize six third-party operated regional distribution centers in North America, comprising approximately 1.1 million square feet, that enable us to position inventory geographically closer to our customers.
International Partner-operated Stores
As of February 3, 2024, our partners operated 485 retail stores in more than 40 international countries.
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ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
We are a defendant in a variety of lawsuits arising in the ordinary course of business. Actions filed against the Company from time to time may include commercial, tort, intellectual property, tax, customer, employment, wage and hour, data privacy, securities, anti-corruption and other claims, including purported class action lawsuits. Although it is not possible to predict with certainty the eventual outcome of any litigation, in the opinion of management, our current legal proceedings are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act Cases
We were named as a defendant in three putative class actions: Smidga, et al. v. Bath & Body Works, LLC in the Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Court of Common Pleas; Dahlin v. Bath & Body Works, LLC in the Santa Barbara County, California Superior Court; and Blanco v. Bath & Body Works, LLC in the Cook County, Illinois Circuit Court. The complaints each alleged that we violated the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act by printing more than the last five digits of credit or debit card numbers on customers’ receipts and, among other things, sought statutory damages, attorneys’ fees and costs. The Blanco case was sent to individual arbitration by court order, and we finalized a settlement of the case during the first quarter of 2024 that has resolved the arbitration and lawsuit. We also reached an agreement with the plaintiffs in the Smidga and Dahlin cases that will resolve those matters, subject to court approval. The resolutions of these claims are not expected to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.
Not applicable.
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PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.
Market Information
Our common stock is traded on the NYSE under the symbol “BBWI.” As of February 3, 2024, the Company had approximately 27,000 stockholders of record. This number excludes persons whose stock is held in nominee or street name by brokers.
Dividend Policy
We paid a quarterly dividend of $0.20 per share during each quarter of 2023. Our Board will determine future dividends after giving consideration to our levels of profit and cash flow, capital requirements, current and forecasted liquidity, the restrictions placed upon us by our borrowing arrangements, the macroeconomic environment as well as financial and other conditions existing at the time. We use cash flow generated from operating and financing activities to fund our dividends. For additional discussion regarding our dividends, see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” included under Item 7. of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Performance Graph
The following graph shows the changes, over the past five-year period, in the value of $100 invested at the closing stock price on February 2, 2019, including the reinvestment of dividends, in our common stock, the Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) 500 Composite Stock Price Index and the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail Index. The Company’s stock prices prior to August 3, 2021 have been adjusted to give effect to the Victoria’s Secret spin-off.
2023 - 5 Year Stock Graph (Picture for 10-K).jpg
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Common Stock Repurchases
The following table provides our repurchases of our common stock during the fourth quarter of 2023:

Fiscal PeriodTotal
Number of
Shares
Purchased (a)
Average Price
Paid per
Share (b)
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced
Programs (c)
Maximum
Dollar Value of Shares
that May
Yet be Purchased
Under the Programs (c)(d)
 (in thousands) (in thousands)
November 2023477 $30.53 473 $73,353 
December 2023496 37.98 479 55,076 
January 2024387 42.96 379 538,774 
Total1,360 1,331 
 ________________
(a)The total number of shares repurchased includes shares repurchased as part of publicly announced programs, with the remainder relating to shares in connection with tax payments due upon vesting of associate restricted share and performance share unit awards and the use of our stock to pay the exercise price on associate stock options.
(b)The average price paid per share includes any broker commissions.
(c)For additional share repurchase program information, see Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(d)The January 2024 amount includes the new $500 million share repurchase program authorized by the Board in January 2024.

ITEM 6. [Reserved]

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
The following discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon our Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) as codified in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”). The following information should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the related notes included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Our operating results are generally impacted by economic changes and, therefore, we monitor the retail environment using, among other things, certain key industry performance indicators including competitor performance and traffic data. These indicators can provide insight into consumer spending patterns and shopping behavior in the current retail environment and assist us in assessing our performance as well as the potential impact of industry trends on our future operating results. Additionally, we evaluate a number of key performance indicators including net sales, gross profit, operating income and other performance metrics, such as sales per average selling square foot and sales per average store, in assessing our performance.
On August 2, 2021, we completed the tax-free spin-off of our Victoria’s Secret business, which included the Victoria’s Secret and PINK brands, into an independent publicly traded company. Accordingly, the operating results of, and fees to separate, the Victoria’s Secret business are reported in Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax in the Consolidated Statements of Income for all applicable periods presented. Unless otherwise noted, all amounts, percentages and discussions reflect only the financial condition and results of operations of our continuing operations.
A discussion regarding our financial condition and results of operations for 2023 compared to 2022 is presented below. A discussion regarding our financial condition and results of operations for 2022 compared to 2021 can be found under Item 7. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 28, 2023, filed with the SEC on March 17, 2023.
Executive Overview
In 2023, we managed our business in the face of macroeconomic pressures that affected customer behavior. Throughout the year, we experienced pressure on basket size and were impacted by decreased consumer savings rates as well as geopolitical unrest. Additionally, we continued to experience post-pandemic normalization of our candle and sanitizer categories following our accelerated growth in these categories during 2020 and 2021. The strong momentum that we experienced during 2020 and 2021 has been normalizing as customers return to work away from their homes and their spending patterns change accordingly.
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During 2023, our leadership team was focused on executing on strategic initiatives to transform our business and return it to sustainable and profitable Net Sales growth, while controlling costs and improving efficiencies. Below are several highlights from 2023:
Reached approximately 37 million active members in our loyalty program as of February 3, 2024. Our loyalty program aims to attract new customers and deepen our engagement with our existing customers.
Successfully launched our new men’s grooming, including face and beard care, hair and shave; fragrant haircare; and laundry categories, demonstrating our ability to innovate and deliver newness to our customers and extend our reach through new category adjacencies.
Expanded our fast-growing men’s shop to all of our U.S. and Canadian stores.
Completed the rollout of our buy online-pick up in store (“BOPIS”) option to all U.S. stores, enabling a seamless omnichannel experience for our customers.
Completed the reformulation of all of our hand soaps and body care products to remove parabens and sulfates.
Introduced personalized recommendations on our website and mobile application, social proofing and loyalty point accelerators. These capabilities follow the substantial completion of our information technology separation from Victoria’s Secret in the second quarter of 2023.
Delivered approximately $150 million of cost reductions as part of our cost optimization work, exceeding our initial goal of $100 million for fiscal 2023.
Fiscal 2023 Overview
We utilize the retail calendar for reporting. As such, the results for fiscal 2023 represent the 53-week period ended February 3, 2024, and the results for 2022 represent the 52-week period ended January 28, 2023. The extra week in 2023 resulted in $81 million of Net Sales and approximately $0.05 of Net Income from Continuing Operations per Diluted Share.
For 2023, Net Sales decreased $131 million, or 2%, to $7.429 billion, compared to 2022. In our stores and direct channels, Net Sales increased 1% to $5.507 billion, and decreased 9% to $1.582 billion, respectively. Our Net Sales in North America declined primarily due to a decrease in both average dollar sales and total transactions, partially offset by the Net Sales from the 53rd week in 2023. In our international business, 2023 Net Sales were $340 million, which was about flat to 2022.
For 2023, our Gross Profit decreased $19 million, or 1%, to $3.236 billion compared to 2022, and our Gross Profit rate (expressed as a percentage of Net Sales) increased approximately 50 basis points. The decline in Gross Profit was due to the decline in Net Sales and an increase in Buying and Occupancy Expenses, partially offset by an increase in merchandise margin dollars and rate. The Gross Profit rate increase was due to an improvement to the merchandise margin rate driven by deflation in our cost structure, lower product costs, reduced transportation costs and increased average unit retails, partially offset by our continued investment in product reformulations and packaging innovation.
For 2023, our General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses increased $72 million, or 4%, to $1.951 billion compared to 2022, and our General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses rate (expressed as a percentage of Net Sales) increased approximately 140 basis points. These increases were primarily driven by investments in technology and marketing, partially offset by the benefits of our cost optimization initiatives.
Taking the above into account, our 2023 Operating Income decreased $91 million, or 7%, to $1.285 billion compared to 2022, and our Operating Income rate (expressed as a percentage of Net Sales) decreased approximately 90 basis points. For additional information related to our 2023 financial performance, see “Results of Operations – 2023 Compared to 2022.”
Fiscal 2024 Outlook
We anticipate continuing macroeconomic pressures as well as continuing post-pandemic normalization of candles and sanitizers in fiscal 2024. We expect the normalization to moderate as we move through the year. We plan to deliver growth from our core categories, supported by newness and seasonal storytelling; reaching more consumers with the continued rollout of our new category adjacencies including men’s, hair, lip, and laundry; and the acquisition of more loyal and engaged customers driven by enhanced loyalty capabilities and personalized digital experiences supported by our technology and marketing investments. We expect that our technology investments will be comparable to fiscal 2023, albeit shifting from investments that in 2023 were primarily focused on IT separation to investments to enhance our omnichannel capabilities and support the growth and profitability of our business, while also enhancing the security of and otherwise reducing risks associated with our IT systems. Our total cost optimization goal is now approximately $250 million, up from our previous goal of approximately $200 million, and we now expect to drive approximately $100 million in incremental savings in 2024. Our cost optimization efforts span both Gross Profit and General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses.
In 2024, we expect the merchandise margin rate to improve compared to 2023, driven by anticipated modest average unit retail expansion and product cost declines. The lower product costs reflect the expected benefits of our strategic initiatives and
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continued deflation but are expected to be partially offset by reinvestment into product restages, reformulations and innovation. We expect Buying and Occupancy Expenses to deleverage compared to 2023, driven by continued investments into our store real estate. General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses are expected to deleverage compared to 2023, primarily driven by the higher marketing investments as well as wage inflation, both of which we expect will be partially offset by our cost optimization initiatives.
Adjusted Financial Information from Continuing Operations
In addition to our results provided in accordance with GAAP above and throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K, provided below are non-GAAP measures that present Net Income from Continuing Operations and Net Income from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share in 2023 on an adjusted basis, which removes certain special items. We believe that these special items are not indicative of our ongoing operations due to their size and nature. We did not make any adjustments to our reported results in 2022. We use adjusted financial information as key performance measures for the purpose of evaluating performance internally. These non-GAAP measures are not intended to replace the presentation of our financial results in accordance with GAAP. Instead, we believe that the presentation of adjusted financial information provides additional information to investors to facilitate the comparison of past and present operations. Further, our definitions of adjusted financial information may differ from similarly titled measures used by other companies.
The tables below reconciles the GAAP financial measures to the non-GAAP financial measures:
(in millions, except per share amounts)2023
Reconciliation of Reported Net Income from Continuing Operations to Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations
Reported Net Income from Continuing Operations$878 
Impairment of Equity Method Investment (a)
Gain on Extinguishment of Debt (b)(34)
Tax Effect of Special Items included in Other Income
Tax Benefit from Foreign Valuation Allowance Release (c)(112)
Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations$747 
Reconciliation of Reported Net Income from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share to Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share
Reported Net Income from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share$3.84 
Impairment of Equity Method Investment (a)0.04 
Gain on Extinguishment of Debt (b)(0.15)
Tax Effect of Special Items included in Other Income0.03 
Tax Benefit from Foreign Valuation Allowance Release (c)(0.49)
Adjusted Net Income from Continuing Operations Per Diluted Share$3.27 
 ________________
(a)In 2023, we recognized a pre-tax impairment charge of $8 million (after-tax charge of $6 million), included in Other Income, related to an impairment charge on an equity method investment.
(b)In 2023, we recognized pre-tax gains of $34 million (after-tax gain of $26 million), included in Other Income, related to the repurchase and extinguishment of outstanding notes. For additional information, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(c)In 2023, we recognized a $112 million tax benefit related to the partial release of a valuation allowance on a foreign deferred tax asset. For additional information, see Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Company-Operated Store Data
The following table compares U.S. Company-operated store data for 2023 and 2022:
  
20232022% Change
Sales per Average Selling Square Foot (a)$1,074 $1,120 (4 %)
Sales per Average Store (in thousands) (a)$3,015 $3,079 (2 %)
Average Store Size (selling square feet)2,827 2,783 %
Total Selling Square Feet (in thousands)4,916 4,712 %
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 ________________
(a)Sales per average selling square foot and sales per average store, which are indicators of store productivity, are calculated based on store sales for the period divided by the average, including the beginning and end of period, of total selling square footage and store count, respectively.
The following table represents Company-operated store data for 2023:
StoresStores
January 28, 2023OpenedClosedFebruary 3, 2024
United States1,693 93 (47)1,739 
Canada109 — 111 
Total1,802 95 (47)1,850 

The following table represents Company-operated store data for 2022:
StoresStores
January 29, 2022OpenedClosedJanuary 28, 2023
United States1,651 90 (48)1,693 
Canada104 — 109 
Total1,755 95 (48)1,802 

Partner-Operated Store Data
The following table represents partner-operated store data for 2023:
StoresStores
January 28, 2023OpenedClosedFebruary 3, 2024
International401 65 (12)454 
International - Travel Retail26 — 31 
Total International427 70 (12)485 
The following table represents partner-operated store data for 2022:
StoresStores
January 29, 2022OpenedClosedJanuary 28, 2023
International317 89 (5)401 
International - Travel Retail21 (1)26 
Total International338 95 (6)427 
Results of Operations—2023 Compared to 2022
Net Sales
The following table provides Net Sales for 2023 in comparison to 2022:
20232022% Change
 (in millions) 
Stores - U.S. and Canada$5,507 $5,476 %
Direct - U.S. and Canada1,582 1,745 (9 %)
International (a)340 339 — %
Total Net Sales$7,429 $7,560 (2 %)
________________
(a)Results include royalties associated with franchised store and wholesale sales.
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The following table provides a reconciliation of Net Sales for 2022 to 2023:
 (in millions)
2022 Net Sales
$7,560 
Comparable Store Sales(249)
Sales Associated with New, Closed and Non-comparable Remodeled Stores, Net, Excluding Sales Related to the 53rd Week226 
Direct Channel, Excluding Sales Related to the 53rd Week(176)
International Wholesale, Royalty and Other, Excluding Sales Related to the 53rd Week(5)
Foreign Currency Translation(8)
Sales Related to the 53rd Week81 
2023 Net Sales
$7,429 
For 2023, Net Sales decreased $131 million to $7.429 billion. Net Sales increased in the stores channel $31 million, or 1%, due to Net Sales from net new store growth and the benefit from the 53rd week in 2023, partially offset by a decline in average dollar sales. Direct Net Sales decreased $163 million, or 9%, due to a decline in orders, which was partially due to our customers continuing to select our BOPIS option (which is recognized as store Net Sales) as we completed our rollout of BOPIS capabilities to our U.S. stores in the first quarter of 2023, partially offset by the benefit from the 53rd week in 2023. International Net Sales were about flat to 2022.
In terms of category performance for our North American business, sales in candles, sanitizers and soaps, and accessories related to those categories, declined compared to 2022, primarily driven by continuing category normalization following the COVID-19 pandemic. Total body care sales were about flat compared to 2022, as growth in our men’s, travel, hair and lip lines were offset by declines in other body care categories.
Gross Profit
For 2023, our Gross Profit decreased $19 million to $3.236 billion, and our Gross Profit rate (expressed as a percentage of Net Sales) increased to 43.6% from 43.1% in 2022. Gross Profit decreased due to the decline in Net Sales and an increase in occupancy expenses primarily associated with store growth. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in merchandise margin dollars and rate driven by deflation in our cost structure, lower product costs, reduced transportation costs and increased average unit retails, partially offset by our continued investment in product reformulations and packaging innovation.
The Gross Profit rate increased due to the increase in the merchandise margin rate driven by the factors discussed above, partially offset by increased occupancy expenses and Buying and Occupancy Expense deleverage due to lower Net Sales.
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses
The following table provides details for our General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses for 2023 compared to 2022:
2023
2022
Change
(in millions)% of Net Sales(in millions)% of Net Sales(in millions)% of Net Sales
Selling Expenses$1,177 15.8 %$1,205 15.9 %$(28)(0.1 %)
Home Office and Marketing Expenses774 10.4 %674 8.9 %100 1.5 %
Total$1,951 26.3 %$1,879 24.9 %$72 1.4 %
For 2023, our General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses increased $72 million to $1.951 billion, and the rate (expressed as a percentage of Net Sales) increased to 26.3% from 24.9%. Our Home Office Expenses increased primarily due to higher technology expenses, principally related to IT separation costs as well as strategic investments to drive future growth, marketing expenses and other corporate expenses. Our Selling Expenses decreased primarily due to our cost optimization work related to efficiency in store labor and selling productivity, reduced expense as we optimized our call center and the decline in Net Sales.
The General, Administrative and Store Operating Expense rate increased primarily due to our investments in technology as well as deleverage on lower Net Sales, partially offset by the benefits of our cost optimization work related to Selling Expenses.
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Other Income and Expenses
Interest Expense
The following table provides the average daily borrowings and average borrowing rates for 2023 and 2022:
20232022
Average daily borrowings (in millions)$4,695 $4,915 
Average borrowing rate7.3 %7.1 %
For 2023, our Interest Expense decreased $3 million to $345 million due to lower average daily borrowings, which were driven by the repurchase and early extinguishment of outstanding notes, partially offset by a higher average borrowing rate and the 53rd week in 2023.
Other Income, Net
For 2023, our Other Income was $81 million, primarily related to interest income on cash balances and pre-tax gains of $34 million associated with the repurchase and early extinguishments of outstanding notes, partially offset by a pre-tax impairment charge of $8 million related to an equity method investment. For 2022, our Other Income was $17 million, primarily related to interest income on cash balances.
Provision for Income Taxes
For 2023, our effective tax rate was 13.9% compared to 24.0% in 2022. The 2023 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the recognition of the tax benefit related to the partial release of a valuation allowance on a foreign deferred tax asset. The 2022 rate was lower than our combined estimated federal and state statutory rate primarily due to the recognition of excess tax benefits recorded through the Consolidated Statement of Income on share-based awards that vested.

FINANCIAL CONDITION
A discussion regarding our financial condition for 2022 compared to 2021 can be found under Item 7. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 28, 2023, filed with the SEC on March 17, 2023.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Liquidity, or access to cash, is an important factor in determining our financial stability. We are committed to maintaining adequate liquidity. Cash generated from our operating activities provides the primary resources to support current operations, growth initiatives, seasonal funding requirements, future common stock and debt repurchases, and capital expenditures. Our cash provided from operations is impacted by our net income and working capital changes. Our net income is impacted by, among other things, sales volume, seasonal sales patterns, success of new product introductions and product and market expansions, profit margins, income taxes and inflationary pressures. Historically, our sales are higher during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year due to seasonal and holiday-related sales patterns. Generally, our need for working capital peaks during the summer and fall months as inventory builds in anticipation of the holiday period. Our cash and cash equivalents held by foreign subsidiaries were $96 million as of February 3, 2024.
During 2023, we repurchased and extinguished $485 million principal amount of our outstanding senior notes for an aggregate price of $447 million. Additionally, we repurchased 4.096 million shares of our common stock for an aggregate price of $149 million. We may, from time to time, repurchase, or otherwise retire, additional debt or shares of our common stock.
We believe that our current cash position, our cash flow generated from operations and our borrowing capacity under our ABL Facility will be sufficient to meet our liquidity needs, including capital expenditure requirements, for at least the next 12 months.
Debt Leverage Ratio
Our debt leverage ratio is defined as adjusted debt, which includes our long-term debt and total operating lease liabilities, divided by earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent (“EBITDAR”). EBITDAR is calculated as operating income, which excludes interest and taxes, before depreciation, amortization and lease costs. Our debt leverage ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure which we believe is useful to analyze our capital structure. Our debt leverage ratio calculation may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures reported by other companies. Our debt leverage ratio should be evaluated in addition to, and not considered a substitute for, other GAAP financial measures.
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The following table provides our debt leverage ratio as of, and for the years ended, February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023:
February 3,
2024
January 28,
2023
 (dollars in millions)
Long-term Debt$4,388 $4,862 
Total Operating Lease Liabilities1,185 1,191 
Adjusted Debt$5,573 $6,053 
Operating Income$1,285 $1,376 
Depreciation and Amortization269 221 
Total Lease Costs402 382 
EBITDAR$1,956 $1,979 
Debt Leverage Ratio2.83.1
Cash Flows
The following table provides a summary of our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for 2023 and 2022:
20232022
 (in millions)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year$1,232 $1,979 
Net Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities954 1,144 
Net Cash Flows Used for Investing Activities(286)(328)
Net Cash Flows Used for Financing Activities(815)(1,562)
Effects of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents(1)(1)
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents(148)(747)
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year$1,084 $1,232 
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities in 2023 was $954 million, including net income of $878 million. Net income included depreciation of $269 million, a deferred income tax benefit of $128 million, share-based compensation expense of $43 million and pre-tax gains on extinguishment of debt of $34 million. Other changes in assets and liabilities represent items that had a current period cash flow impact, such as changes in working capital. The most significant items in working capital were the $109 million decrease associated with Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other and the $34 million increase associated with Income Taxes Payable.
Net cash provided by operating activities in 2022 was $1.144 billion, including net income of $800 million (which included Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax of $6 million). Net income included depreciation of $221 million, share-based compensation expense of $38 million and deferred income tax expense of $17 million. Other changes in assets and liabilities represent items that had a current period cash flow impact, such as changes in working capital. The most significant items in working capital were the $44 million increase associated with Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other and the $39 million increase associated with Income Taxes Payable.
Investing Activities
Net cash used for investing activities in 2023 was $286 million, primarily related to capital expenditures. The capital expenditures included approximately $155 million related to new off-mall stores and remodels of existing stores, approximately $85 million for various IT projects primarily supporting the separation of our IT systems from Victoria’s Secret’s IT systems and approximately $40 million related to distribution and logistics capabilities.
Net cash used for investing activities in 2022 was $328 million related to capital expenditures. The capital expenditures included approximately $164 million related to new off-mall stores and remodels of existing stores. The remaining capital expenditures were primarily related to our Company-operated direct channel fulfillment center that became operational in 2022 and various IT projects primarily supporting the separation of our IT systems from Victoria’s Secret’s IT systems.
In 2024, we expect to continue to prioritize investments in our business. We expect to invest between $300 million and $325 million in capital projects during 2024.
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Financing Activities
Net cash used for financing activities in 2023 was $815 million, primarily consisting of $447 million for open market debt repurchases, dividend payments of $0.80 per share, or $182 million, $148 million for share repurchases, $15 million for payments on finance leases and tax payments of $11 million related to share-based awards.
Net cash used for financing activities in 2022 was $1.562 billion consisting of $1.312 billion in payments for share repurchases, including the payment of $1 billion related to our ASR (as defined in Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data), dividend payments of $0.80 per share, or $186 million, tax payments of $32 million related to share-based awards and net payments of $25 million to Victoria’s Secret related to the spin-off.
Common Stock and Debt Repurchases
Our Board will determine share and debt repurchase authorizations, giving consideration to our levels of profit and cash flow, capital requirements, current and forecasted liquidity, the restrictions placed upon us by our borrowing arrangements as well as financial and other conditions existing at the time. We use cash flow generated from operating and financing activities to fund our share and debt repurchase programs. The timing and amount of any repurchases will be made at our discretion, taking into account a number of factors, including market conditions.
Common Stock Repurchases
2022 Repurchase Program
In February 2022, the Board authorized a $1.5 billion share repurchase program (the “February 2022 Program”). Under the February 2022 Program, we repurchased the following shares of our common stock during 2023:
Repurchase ProgramAmount
Authorized
Shares
Repurchased
Amount
Repurchased
Average Stock Price
(in millions)(in thousands)(in millions)
February 2022$1,500 4,096 $149 $36.38 
The February 2022 Program had $39 million of remaining authority as of February 3, 2024. There were share repurchases of $1 million reflected in Accounts Payable on the February 3, 2024 Consolidated Balance Sheet. Subsequent to February 3, 2024 through March 22, 2024, we repurchased an additional 606 thousand shares of our common stock for $27 million under the February 2022 Program.
2024 Repurchase Program
In January 2024, our Board authorized a new $500 million share repurchase program (the “January 2024 Program”). As of March 22, 2024, we had not repurchased any shares under the January 2024 Program.
Dividend Policy and Procedures
Our Board will determine future dividends after giving consideration to our levels of profit and cash flow, capital requirements, current and forecasted liquidity, the restrictions placed upon us by our borrowing arrangements as well as financial and other conditions existing at the time. We use cash flow generated from operating and financing activities to fund our dividends.
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We paid the following dividends during 2023 and 2022:
Ordinary DividendsTotal Paid
(per share)(in millions)
2023
First Quarter$0.20 $46 
Second Quarter0.20 46 
Third Quarter0.20 45 
Fourth Quarter0.20 45 
2023 Total
$0.80 $182 
2022
First Quarter$0.20 $48 
Second Quarter0.20 46 
Third Quarter0.20 46 
Fourth Quarter0.20 46 
2022 Total
$0.80 $186 
On March 8, 2024, we paid our first quarter 2024 dividend of $0.20 per share to stockholders of record at the close of business on February 23, 2024.
Long-term Debt and Borrowing Facility
The following table provides our outstanding Long-term Debt balance, net of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts, as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023:
February 3,
2024
January 28,
2023
(in millions)
Senior Debt with Subsidiary Guarantee
$314 million, 9.375% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2025 (“2025 Notes”)
$313 $317 
$297 million, 6.694% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due January 2027 (“2027 Notes”)
287 283 
$462 million, 5.250% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due February 2028 (“2028 Notes”)
460 498 
$500 million, 7.500% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due June 2029 (“2029 Notes”)
492 491 
$938 million, 6.625% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due October 2030 (“2030 Notes”)
930 991 
$811 million, 6.875% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due November 2035 (“2035 Notes”)
806 993 
$613 million, 6.750% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2036 (“2036 Notes”)
608 694 
Total Senior Debt with Subsidiary Guarantee3,896 4,267 
Senior Debt
$294 million, 6.950% Fixed Interest Rate Debentures due March 2033 (“2033 Notes”)
293 349 
$201 million, 7.600% Fixed Interest Rate Notes due July 2037 (“2037 Notes”)
199 246 
Total Senior Debt492 595 
Total Long-term Debt$4,388 $4,862 
Repurchases of Notes
During 2023, we repurchased in the open market and extinguished $485 million principal amount of our outstanding senior notes. The aggregate repurchase price for these notes was $447 million, resulting in pre-tax gains of $34 million, net of the write-off of unamortized issuance costs. These gains are included in Other Income in the 2023 Consolidated Statement of Income.
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The following table provides details of the outstanding principal amount of senior notes repurchased and extinguished during 2023:
(in millions)
2025 Notes$
2028 Notes38 
2030 Notes62 
2033 Notes56 
2035 Notes189 
2036 Notes87 
2037 Notes47 
Total$485 
Subsequent to February 3, 2024 through March 22, 2024, we repurchased in the open market and extinguished $45 million principal amount of our outstanding senior notes for an aggregate repurchase price of $45 million.
Asset-backed Revolving Credit Facility
We and certain of our 100% owned subsidiaries guarantee and pledge collateral to secure our ABL Facility. The ABL Facility, which allows borrowings and letters of credit in U.S. dollars or Canadian dollars, has aggregate commitments of $750 million and an expiration date in August 2026.
In the second quarter of 2023, we amended our ABL Facility to replace the London Interbank Offer Rate-based rate with a Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) based rate as the interest rate benchmark on U.S. dollar borrowings. This amendment made no other material changes to the terms of the ABL Facility.
Availability under the ABL Facility is the lesser of (i) the borrowing base, determined primarily based on our eligible U.S. and Canadian credit card receivables, accounts receivable, inventory and eligible real property, or (ii) the aggregate commitment. If at any time the outstanding amount under the ABL Facility exceeds the lesser of (i) the borrowing base and (ii) the aggregate commitment, we are required to repay the outstanding amounts under the ABL Facility to the extent of such excess. As of February 3, 2024, our borrowing base was $539 million, and we had no borrowings outstanding under the ABL Facility.
The ABL Facility supports our letter of credit program. We had $10 million of outstanding letters of credit as of February 3, 2024 that reduced our availability under the ABL Facility. As of February 3, 2024, our availability under the ABL Facility was $529 million.
As of February 3, 2024, the ABL Facility fees related to committed and unutilized amounts were 0.30% per annum, and the fees related to outstanding letters of credit were 1.25% per annum. In addition, the interest rate on outstanding U.S. dollar borrowings was the Term SOFR plus 1.25% per annum and a credit spread adjustment of 0.10% per annum. The interest rate on outstanding Canadian dollar-denominated borrowings was the Canadian Dollar Offered Rate plus 1.25% per annum.
The ABL Facility requires us to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.00 to 1.00 during an event of default or any period commencing on any day when specified excess availability is less than the greater of (i) $70 million or (ii) 10% of the maximum borrowing amount. As of February 3, 2024, we were not required to maintain this ratio.
Credit Ratings
The following table provides our credit ratings as of February 3, 2024: 
 Moody’sS&P
CorporateBa2BB
Senior Unsecured Debt with Subsidiary GuaranteeBa2BB
Senior Unsecured DebtB1B+
OutlookStableStable
Guarantor Summarized Financial Information
Certain of our subsidiaries, which are listed on Exhibit 22 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, have guaranteed our obligations under the 2025 Notes, 2027 Notes, 2028 Notes, 2029 Notes, 2030 Notes, 2035 Notes and 2036 Notes (collectively, the “Notes”).
The Notes have been issued by Bath & Body Works, Inc. (the “Parent Company”). The Notes are its senior unsecured obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all of our existing and future senior unsecured obligations, are senior to
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any of our future subordinated indebtedness, are effectively subordinated to all of our existing and future indebtedness that is secured by a lien and are structurally subordinated to all existing and future obligations of each of our subsidiaries that do not guarantee the Notes.
The Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a joint and several basis by certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, including certain subsidiaries that also guarantee our obligations under our ABL Facility (such guarantees, the “Guarantees”; and, such guaranteeing subsidiaries, the “Subsidiary Guarantors”). The Guarantees of the Subsidiary Guarantors are subject to release in limited circumstances only upon the occurrence of certain customary conditions. Each Guarantee is limited, by its terms, to an amount not to exceed the maximum amount that can be guaranteed by the applicable Subsidiary Guarantor subject to avoidance under applicable fraudulent conveyance provisions of U.S. and non-U.S. law.
The following tables set forth summarized financial information for the Parent Company and the Subsidiary Guarantors on a combined basis after elimination of (i) intercompany transactions and balances among the Parent Company and the Subsidiary Guarantors and (ii) investments in and equity in the earnings of non-Guarantor subsidiaries.
FEBRUARY 3, 2024 SUMMARIZED BALANCE SHEET
(in millions)
ASSETS
Current Assets (a)$2,545 
Noncurrent Assets2,554 
LIABILITIES
Current Liabilities (b)$2,935 
Noncurrent Liabilities5,650 
 _______________
(a)Includes amounts due from non-Guarantor subsidiaries of $622 million as of February 3, 2024.
(b)Includes amounts due to non-Guarantor subsidiaries of $1.905 billion as of February 3, 2024.
2023 SUMMARIZED STATEMENT OF INCOME
(in millions)
Net Sales (a)$7,173 
Gross Profit3,006 
Operating Income1,173 
Income Before Income Taxes905 
Net Income (b)696 
 _______________
(a)Includes Net Sales of $287 million to non-Guarantor subsidiaries.
(b)Includes a Net Loss of $9 million related to transactions with non-Guarantor subsidiaries.

Contingent Liabilities and Contractual Obligations
The following table provides our contractual obligations, aggregated by type, including the maturity profile as of February 3, 2024:
 Payments Due by Period
 TotalLess
Than 1
Year
1-3
Years
4-5
Years
More
Than 5
Years
Other
 (in millions)
Long-term Debt (a)$6,859 $306 $1,168 $963 $4,422 $— 
Future Lease Obligations (b)1,539 270 522 362 385 — 
Purchase Obligations (c)695 527 107 51 10 — 
Other Liabilities (d)186 131 17 — — 38 
Total$9,279 $1,234 $1,814 $1,376 $4,817 $38 
________________
(a)Long-term Debt obligations relate to our principal and interest payments for outstanding notes and debentures. Interest payments have been estimated based on the coupon rate for fixed rate obligations. Interest obligations exclude
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amounts which have been accrued through February 3, 2024. For additional information, see Note 11 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(b)Future lease obligations primarily represent minimum payments due under store lease agreements. For additional information, see Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
(c)Purchase obligations primarily include purchase orders for merchandise inventory and other agreements to purchase goods or services that are enforceable and legally binding and that specify all significant terms, including: fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased; fixed, minimum or variable price provisions; and the approximate timing of the transactions.
(d)Other liabilities include future estimated payments associated with unrecognized tax benefits. The “Less Than 1 Year” category includes $118 million of these tax items because it is reasonably possible that the amounts could change in the next 12 months due to audit settlements or resolution of uncertainties. The remaining portion, totaling $38 million, is included in the “Other” category as it is not reasonably possible that the amounts could change in the next 12 months. In addition, we have a remaining liability of $30 million related to the deemed repatriation tax on our undistributed foreign earnings resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, of which $13 million is expected to be paid in 2024, and the remaining $17 million is expected to be paid in 2025. For additional information, see Note 10 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Lease Guarantees
In connection with the spin-off of Victoria’s Secret and the disposal of a certain other business, we had remaining contingent obligations of $263 million as of February 3, 2024 related to lease payments under the current terms of noncancelable leases, primarily related to office space, expiring at various dates through 2037. These obligations include minimum rent and additional payments covering taxes, common area costs and certain other expenses and relate to leases that commenced prior to the disposition of these businesses. Our reserves related to these obligations were not significant for any period presented.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2023-07, Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, that expands reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses and information used to assess segment performance, and applies to companies with a single reportable segment. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on our disclosures.
In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures, that requires enhanced income tax disclosures, primarily related to standardization and disaggregation of rate reconciliation categories and income taxes paid by jurisdiction. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted, and may be applied either prospectively or retrospectively. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this standard on our disclosures.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to adopt accounting policies related to estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period, as well as the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. On an ongoing basis, management evaluates its accounting policies, estimates and judgments, including those related to inventories, valuation of long-lived store assets, claims and contingencies, income taxes and revenue recognition. Management bases our estimates and judgments on historical experience and various other factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Management has discussed the development and selection of our critical accounting policies and estimates with the Audit Committee of our Board and believes the following assumptions and estimates are most significant to reporting our results of operations and financial position.
Inventories
Inventories are principally valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value, on an average cost basis.
We record valuation adjustments to our inventories if the cost of inventory on hand exceeds the amount we expect to realize from the ultimate sale or disposal of the inventory. These estimates are based on management’s judgment regarding future demand and market conditions and analysis of historical experience. If actual demand or market conditions are different than those projected by management, future period merchandise margin rates may be unfavorably or favorably affected by adjustments to these estimates.
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We also record inventory loss adjustments for estimated physical inventory losses that have occurred since the date of the last physical inventory. These estimates are based on management’s analysis of historical results and current operating trends.
Management believes that the assumptions used in these estimates are reasonable and appropriate. A 10% increase or decrease in the inventory valuation adjustment would have impacted Net Income by approximately $2 million for 2023. A 10% increase or decrease in the estimated physical inventory loss adjustment would have impacted Net Income by approximately $2 million for 2023.
Valuation of Long-lived Store Assets
Long-lived store assets, which include leasehold improvements, store-related assets and operating lease assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. Store assets are grouped at the lowest level for which they are largely independent of other assets or asset groups. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows related to the asset group are less than the carrying value, we recognize a loss equal to the difference between the carrying value and the estimated fair value, determined by the estimated discounted future cash flows of the asset group. For operating lease assets, we determine the fair value of the assets by comparing the contractual rent payments to estimated market rental rates. An individual asset within an asset group is not impaired below its estimated fair value. The fair value of long-lived store assets are determined using Level 3 inputs within the fair value hierarchy.
When a decision has been made to dispose of property and equipment prior to the end of the previously estimated useful life, depreciation estimates are revised to reflect the use of the asset over the shortened estimated useful life.
Claims and Contingencies
We are subject to various claims and contingencies related to lawsuits, taxes, insurance, regulatory and other matters arising out of the normal course of business. Our determination of the treatment of claims and contingencies in the Consolidated Financial Statements is based on management’s view of the expected outcome of the applicable claim or contingency. We consult with legal counsel on matters related to litigation and seek input from both internal and external experts with respect to matters in the ordinary course of business. We accrue a liability if the likelihood of an adverse outcome is probable and the amount is reasonably estimable. If the likelihood of an adverse outcome is only reasonably possible (as opposed to probable) or if an estimate is not reasonably determinable, disclosure of a material claim or contingency is disclosed in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Income Taxes
We account for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Under this method, taxes currently payable or refundable are accrued, and deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for realizable operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted income tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in income tax rates is recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce the carrying amounts of deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that such assets will not be realized.
Significant judgment is required in determining the provision for income taxes and related accruals, deferred tax assets and liabilities. In determining our provision for income taxes, we consider permanent differences between book and tax income and statutory income tax rates. Our effective income tax rate is affected by items including changes in tax law, the tax jurisdiction of the Company’s operations and the level of earnings.
We follow the authoritative guidance included in ASC 740, Income Taxes, which contains a two-step approach to recognize and measure uncertain tax positions. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the available evidence indicates it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount which is more than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate settlement.  We consider many factors when evaluating and estimating our tax positions and tax benefits, which may require periodic adjustments and for which actual outcomes may differ from forecasted outcomes. Our policy is to include interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense.
Our income tax returns, like those of most companies, are periodically audited by domestic and foreign tax authorities. These audits include questions regarding our tax filing positions, including the timing and amount of deductions and the allocation of income among various tax jurisdictions. At any one time, multiple tax years are subject to audit by the various tax authorities. A number of years may elapse before a particular matter for which we have established an accrual is audited and fully resolved or clarified. We adjust our tax contingencies accrual and income tax provision in the period in which matters are effectively settled with tax authorities at amounts different from our established accrual, when the statute of limitations expires for the relevant taxing authority to examine the tax position or when more information becomes available.
37

Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue based on the amount we expect to receive when control of the goods or services is transferred to our customer. We recognize sales upon customer receipt of merchandise, which for direct channel revenues reflects an estimate of shipments that have not yet been received by the customer based on shipping terms and historical delivery times. Our shipping and handling revenues are included in Net Sales with the related costs included in Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy in the Consolidated Statements of Income. We also provide a reserve for projected merchandise returns based on historical experience. Net Sales exclude sales and other similar taxes collected from customers.
We offer a loyalty program that allows customers to earn points based on purchasing activity. As customers accumulate points and reach point thresholds, points are converted to rewards that may be used to purchase merchandise in stores or online. Points expire if a loyalty account is inactive for a certain period of time, while rewards expire if unused after approximately three months. We allocate revenue to points earned on qualifying purchases and defer recognition of revenue until the rewards are redeemed. The amount of revenue deferred is based on the relative stand-alone selling price method, which includes an estimate for points and rewards not expected to be redeemed based on historical experience.
We sell gift cards with no expiration dates to customers. We do not charge administrative fees on unused gift cards. We recognize revenue from gift cards when they are redeemed by the customer. In addition, we recognize revenue on unredeemed gift cards when the likelihood of the gift cards being redeemed is remote and there is no legal obligation to remit the unredeemed gift cards to relevant jurisdictions (gift card breakage). Gift card breakage revenue is recognized in proportion to, and over the same period as, actual gift card redemptions. We determine the gift card breakage rate based on historical redemption patterns. Gift card breakage revenue is included in Net Sales in the Consolidated Statements of Income.
We also recognize revenues associated with franchise, license, wholesale and sourcing arrangements. Revenue recognized under franchise and license arrangements generally consists of royalties earned and recognized upon sale of merchandise by franchise and license partners to retail customers. Revenue is generally recognized under wholesale and sourcing arrangements at the time the title passes to the partner.
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.
Market Risk
The market risk inherent in our financial instruments represents the potential loss in fair value, earnings or cash flows arising from adverse changes in foreign currency exchange rates or interest rates. We may use derivative financial instruments like foreign currency forward contracts, cross-currency swaps and interest rate swap arrangements to manage exposure to market risks. We do not use derivative financial instruments for trading purposes.
Foreign Exchange Rate Risk
Our Canadian dollar denominated earnings are subject to exchange rate risk as substantially all our merchandise sold in Canada is sourced through U.S. dollar transactions. Although we utilize foreign currency forward contracts to partially offset risks associated with our operations in Canada, these measures may not succeed in offsetting all the short-term impact of foreign currency rate movements and generally may not be effective in offsetting the long-term impact of sustained shifts in foreign currency rates.
Further, although our royalty arrangements with our international partners are denominated in U.S. dollars, the royalties we receive in U.S. dollars are calculated based on sales in the local currency. As a result, our royalties in these arrangements are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.
Interest Rate Risk
Our investment portfolio primarily consists of interest-bearing instruments that are classified as cash and cash equivalents based on their original maturities. Our investment portfolio is maintained in accordance with our investment policy, which specifies permitted types of investments, specifies credit quality standards and maturity profiles and limits credit exposure to any single issuer. The primary objectives of our investment activities are the preservation of principal, the maintenance of liquidity and the maximization of interest income while minimizing risk. Our investment portfolio is primarily composed of U.S. government obligations, U.S. Treasury and AAA-rated money market funds, commercial paper and bank deposits. Given the short-term nature and quality of investments in our portfolio, we do not believe there is any material risk to principal associated with increases or decreases in interest rates.
All of our Long-term Debt as of February 3, 2024 has fixed interest rates. We will from time to time adjust our exposure to interest rate risk by entering into interest rate swap arrangements. Our exposure to interest rate changes is limited to the fair value of the debt issued, which would not have a material impact on our earnings or cash flows.
38

Concentration of Credit Risk
We maintain cash and cash equivalents and derivative contracts with various major financial institutions. We monitor the relative credit standing of financial institutions with whom we transact and limit the amount of credit exposure with any one entity. Our investment portfolio is primarily composed of U.S. government obligations, U.S. Treasury and AAA-rated money market funds, commercial paper and bank deposits. We also periodically review the relative credit standing of franchise, license and wholesale partners and other entities to which we grant credit terms in the normal course of business.
Fair Value Measurements
The following table provides a summary of the principal value and estimated fair value of outstanding Long-term Debt as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023:
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023
 (in millions)
Principal Value$4,430 $4,915 
Fair Value, Estimated (a)4,456 4,707 
________________
(a)The estimated fair values are based on reported transaction prices and are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that we could realize in a current market exchange.
As of February 3, 2024, we believe that the carrying values of our Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses approximate their fair values because of their short maturities.


39

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.
BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 Page No.
Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday nearest to January 31. Fiscal years are designated in the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes by the calendar year in which the fiscal year commences. The results for fiscal 2023 refer to the 53-week period ended February 3, 2024. The results for fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021 refer to 52-week periods ended January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022, respectively.

40

Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The Company’s internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to the Company’s management and Board of Directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024. In making this assessment, management used the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria).
Based on our assessment and the COSO criteria, management believes that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024.
The Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, Ernst & Young LLP, has issued an attestation report on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Ernst & Young LLP’s report appears on the following page and expresses an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024.
41

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Bath & Body Works, Inc.
Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have audited Bath & Body Works, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Bath & Body Works, Inc. (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, total equity (deficit) and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2024, and the related notes and our report dated March 22, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Grandview Heights, Ohio
March 22, 2024


42

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Bath & Body Works, Inc.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Bath & Body Works, Inc. (the Company) as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, total equity (deficit) and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2024, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2024, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework), and our report dated March 22, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of the critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Loyalty Program
Description of the MatterThe Company offers a loyalty program that enables customers the ability to earn points and redeem rewards. As described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company allocates revenue to points earned on qualifying purchases and defers recognition until the rewards are redeemed. The amount of revenue deferred is based on the relative standalone selling price method, which includes an estimate for points and rewards not expected to be redeemed based on historical experience.
Auditing the Company’s estimate of loyalty deferred revenue was complex as the calculation involved management’s assumptions, such as the standalone selling price and expected redemption rate, which drive the revenue deferral.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our AuditWe obtained an understanding, evaluated the design, and tested the operating effectiveness of the Company’s estimation process and controls supporting the measurement and recognition of the amount of loyalty revenue deferred. This included testing controls over management’s review of the assumptions and other inputs used in the estimation and the completeness and accuracy of issuance and redemption data used in the calculation.
Our audit procedures included, among others, evaluating the methodology used, analyzing the significant assumptions discussed above, and testing the accuracy and completeness of the underlying data used in management’s calculation. To test the standalone selling price per reward, we validated that the price per reward was appropriate based on purchases by loyalty members. To audit the redemption rate, we tested redemption activity and compared the results of that testing to the redemption rate used by management in its estimate. We also considered recent trends in redemption activity and the impact on the redemption rate. In addition, we performed sensitivity analyses of significant assumptions to evaluate the change in the deferral amounts.
/s/ Ernst & Young LLP
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2003.
Grandview Heights, Ohio
March 22, 2024
43

BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions except per share amounts)
 
202320222021
Net Sales$7,429 $7,560 $7,882 
Costs of Goods Sold, Buying and Occupancy(4,193)(4,305)(4,027)
Gross Profit3,236 3,255 3,855 
General, Administrative and Store Operating Expenses(1,951)(1,879)(1,846)
Operating Income1,285 1,376 2,009 
Interest Expense(345)(348)(388)
Other Income (Loss)81 17 (198)
Income from Continuing Operations Before Income Taxes1,021 1,045 1,423 
Provision for Income Taxes143 251 348 
Net Income from Continuing Operations878 794 1,075 
Income from Discontinued Operations, Net of Tax 6 258 
Net Income$878 $800 $1,333 
Net Income per Basic Share
Continuing Operations$3.86 $3.43 $4.00 
Discontinued Operations 0.03 0.96 
Total Net Income per Basic Share$3.86 $3.45 $4.96 
Net Income per Diluted Share
Continuing Operations$3.84 $3.40 $3.94 
Discontinued Operations 0.03 0.95 
Total Net Income per Diluted Share$3.84 $3.43 $4.88 


BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)

202320222021
Net Income$878 $800 $1,333 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax:
Foreign Currency Translation(2)(2)2 
Unrealized Gain on Cash Flow Hedges1 2 1 
Reclassification of Cash Flow Hedges to Earnings(2)(2)2 
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax(3)(2)5 
Total Comprehensive Income$875 $798 $1,338 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
44

BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions except par value amounts)
 
February 3,
2024
January 28,
2023
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1,084 $1,232 
Accounts Receivable, Net224 226 
Inventories710 709 
Other97 99 
Total Current Assets2,115 2,266 
Property and Equipment, Net1,220 1,193 
Operating Lease Assets1,056 1,050 
Goodwill628 628 
Trade Name165 165 
Deferred Income Taxes144 37 
Other Assets135 155 
Total Assets$5,463 $5,494 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Current Liabilities:
Accounts Payable$380 $455 
Accrued Expenses and Other608 673 
Current Operating Lease Liabilities181 177 
Income Taxes120 74 
Total Current Liabilities1,289 1,379 
Deferred Income Taxes147 168 
Long-term Debt4,388 4,862 
Long-term Operating Lease Liabilities1,004 1,014 
Other Long-term Liabilities261 276 
Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit):
Preferred Stock—$1.00 par value; 10 shares authorized; none issued
  
Common Stock—$0.50 par value; 1,000 shares authorized; 240 and 244 shares issued; 225 and 229 shares outstanding, respectively
120 122 
Paid-in Capital838 817 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income75 78 
Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)(1,838)(2,401)
Less: Treasury Stock, at Average Cost; 15 and 15 shares, respectively
(822)(822)
Total Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)(1,627)(2,206)
Noncontrolling Interest1 1 
Total Equity (Deficit)(1,626)(2,205)
Total Liabilities and Equity (Deficit)$5,463 $5,494 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
45

BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF TOTAL EQUITY (DEFICIT)
(in millions except per share amounts)
 
 Common StockPaid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
Retained
Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)
Treasury
Stock, at
Average
Cost
Noncontrolling InterestTotal Equity (Deficit)
Shares
Outstanding
Par
Value
Balance, January 30, 2021278 $143 $891 $83 $(1,421)$(358)$1 $(661)
Net Income— — — — 1,333 — — 1,333 
Other Comprehensive Income— — — 5 — — — 5 
Total Comprehensive Income— — — 5 1,333 — — 1,338 
Victoria’s Secret Spin-Off— — — (8)(175)— — (183)
Cash Dividends ($0.45 per share)
— — — — (120)— — (120)
Repurchases of Common Stock(28)— — — — (1,964)— (1,964)
Treasury Share Retirement— (11)(69)— (1,420)1,500 —  
Share-based Compensation and Other4 2 71 — — —  73 
Balance, January 29, 2022254 $134 $893 $80 $(1,803)$(822)$1 $(1,517)
Net Income— — — — 800 — — 800 
Other Comprehensive Loss— — — (2)— — — (2)
Total Comprehensive Income— — — (2)800 — — 798 
Cash Dividends ($0.80 per share)
— — — — (186)— — (186)
Repurchases of Common Stock(7)— — — — (312)— (312)
Accelerated Share Repurchase Program(20)— — — — (1,000)— (1,000)
Treasury Share Retirement— (13)(87)— (1,212)1,312 —  
Share-based Compensation and Other2 1 11 — — — — 12 
Balance, January 28, 2023229 $122 $817 $78 $(2,401)$(822)$1 $(2,205)
Net Income— — — — 878 — — 878 
Other Comprehensive Loss— — — (3)— — — (3)
Total Comprehensive Income— — — (3)878 — — 875 
Cash Dividends ($0.80 per share)
— — — — (182)— — (182)
Repurchases of Common Stock(4)— — — — (149)— (149)
Treasury Share Retirement— (2)(14)— (133)149 —  
Share-based Compensation and Other  35 — — — — 35 
Balance, February 3, 2024225 $120 $838 $75 $(1,838)$(822)$1 $(1,626)

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
46

BATH & BODY WORKS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
202320222021
Operating Activities
Net Income$878 $800 $1,333 
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
Depreciation of Long-lived Assets269 221 363 
(Gain) Loss on Extinguishment of Debt(34) 195 
Share-based Compensation Expense43 38 46 
Deferred Income Taxes(128)17 45 
Impairment of Equity Method Investment8   
Changes in Assets and Liabilities:
Accounts Receivable2 11 (64)
Inventories(2) (177)
Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other(109)44 (86)
Income Taxes Payable34 39 (72)
Other Assets and Liabilities(7)(26)(91)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities$954 $1,144 $1,492 
Investing Activities
Capital Expenditures$(298)$(328)$(270)
Other Investing Activities12  11 
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities$(